Bacterial infection warning: Do YOU know the symptoms of these five serious types?

There are trillions of different types of bacteria on the planet, but one group in particular can cause a number of nasty infections.

The streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria has more than 90 different strains, according to the NHS.

It causes pneumococcal infections which can vary in severity.

Common symptoms of all include a high temperature, aches and pains, and a headache.

There are two types of pneumococcal infections - non-invasive and invasive.

The former occur outside the major organs and blood and are often less serious.

However, the latter are more concerning since they happen inside a major organ or the blood.

These are five types of this bacterial infection and their warning signs.

Bronchitis

This is a non-invasive type, and is an infection of the main airways of the lungs.

It causes them to get irritated and inflamed, according to the NHS.

Symptoms include a sore throat, headache, runny or blocked nose, aches and pains, and tiredness.

Sinusitis

Another non-invasive type, this is a common condition where the lining of the sinuses becomes inflamed.

It is usually caused by a viral infection and mostly improves within three weeks, according to the NHS.

Be aware of symptoms such as a green or yellow discharge - a kind of mucus - from your nose, a blocked nose, pain around cheeks, a sinus headache, a high temperature, a toothache, reduced sense of smell and bad breath.

Septicaemia

Also known as blood poisoning or sepsis, this is a serious type of invasive pneumococcal infection.

Without quick treatment it can lead to multiple organ failure and death, according to the NHS.

Signs include a temperature, chills and shivering, a fast heartbeat, fast breathing.

Pneumonia

This is inflammation to the tissue in one or both lungs, usually caused by the bacterial infection.

It causes tiny sacs at the end of the breathing tubes in your lungs to become inflamed and fill up with fluid.

According to the NHS, common symptoms include a cough, difficulty breathing, a rapid heartbeat, fever, feeling generally unwell, sweating and shivering, loss of appetite and chest pain.

Meningitis

This is an infection of the protective membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord.

According to the NHS, it can become serious if not treated quickly.

Symptoms include a high temperature, being sick, a headache, a blotchy rash, a stuff neck, dislike of bright lights and seizures.



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