Prostate cancer symptoms: Three warning signs you could be missing

Prostate cancer is the most common form of cancer among men in the UK and experts warn rates are set to double.

The disease kills over 11,000 men in the UK each year.

The prostate is about the size and shape of a walnut and grows bigger as men get older.

It sits underneath the bladder and surrounds the urethra - the tube men urinate and ejaculate through.

PROSTATE CANCER RISK FACTORS

Prostate cancer symptoms usually develop slowly, which means people are often not aware of the disease.

People usually only notice symptoms of the disease when the prostate is so enlarged it affects how often men go to the toilet.

While more common signs of prostate cancer can include urinating more than usual, especially at night, there are other indicators which might go under the radar. These include:

Urinating

Difficulty starting to urinate, or straining to urinate or a weak can be a major warning sign.

Back pain

Back pain can be a sign of prostate cancer.

This can be painful, or a dull ache. Some men also report pain in the hips and spine. John Brownless was diagnosed with prostate cancer at the age of 42.

Speaking exclusively to Express.co.uk in May, John said: “I used to suffer a little bit from cystitis and back ache and over time these symptoms started to get worse. I would never have guessed that these symptoms were related to prostate cancer."

Macmillan Cancer Support states: “For a small number of men, the first symptom of prostate cancer may be pain in the back, hips or legs.

“Although there are many other reasons for this kind of pain, it’s a good idea to let your GP know about any pain you haven’t experienced before.”

Not emptying your bladder

The feeling of not completely emptying the bladder after urinating can be a sign of the disease.

While these three factors are warning signs of prostate cancer, it doesn’t necessarily mean a person is suffering with prostate cancer.

The symptoms could also be a sign of prostatitis is where the prostate gland becomes swollen. It's sometimes caused by a bacterial infection, although more often no infection can be found and it's not clear why it happened.

The most common way to diagnose abnormalities with the prostate gland is through a Prostate Specific Antigen, or PSA test.

PSA is a protein produced by the prostate and released into the blood stream in very small quantities.

There is some evidence that being overweight and having a high BMI (body mass index) increases the risk of a high grade cancer or dying from prostate cancer.

Eating a healthy diet can lower the risk of many cancers. Risk factors of prostate cancer include taking anabolic steroids.

WHAT IS A PSA TEST?



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