Showing posts with label Daily-Express-Health. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Daily-Express-Health. Show all posts

Dementia: Single vaccine to treat Alzheimer’s as well as skin disease

British researchers have combined the tetanus vaccine with a viral particle that usually affects cucumbers, forming a compound that stimulates the immune system. 

Tests have both helped treat diseases like psoriasis and some allergies, while also raising antibody levels believed to help prevent forms of dementia including Alzheimer’s. 

Scientists are set to begin human trials of the vaccine, having received regulatory approval. 

They believe the study could help spare hundreds of thousands of people from the ravages of chronic disease.

The team, led by Dundee University’s Dr John Foerster and Oxford’s Prof Martin Bachmann, first took the protein coat of cucumber mosaic virus. 

They then incorporated a protein derived from the tetanus vaccine that is known to stimulate the body’s immune system. 

It is believed the new vaccine will be effective against many chronic diseases including psoriasis and Alzheimer’s. 

Mr Bachmann, Professor of Vaccinology at the Jenner Institute in Oxford, added: “Alzheimer’s disease usually develops in elderly people. 

“The fact that the vaccine described here is optimised for old individuals seems therefore particularly helpful.” 

As well as being preventative the vaccine can be therapeutic, meaning it can cure a disease such as psoriasis after it has already been established.

Antibodies for psoriasis currently need to be injected at least once a month and cost about £10,000 a year. 

A vaccine could offer a much more affordable treatment. 

Dr Foerster said: “The idea is pretty simple – by creating a vaccine that stimulates us to make antibodies... we can replace the need for frequent and expensive injections and make this type of treatment much more affordable and accessible to patients.” 

The paper has been published in the journal Nature Vaccines.



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Superfoods: These six CHEAP foods will help you lose weight, and improve your eyesight

The idea that junk food is cheaper than healthy and nutritious foods is a myth, according to online healthy food retailer Musclefood.com.

Shoppers may be surprised at the nutritional benefits of some fruit, vegetables and grains, it added.

“If you’re starting to feel the strain on your wallet, don’t immediately turn to cheap fatty foods,” said Musclefood.com’s Darren Beale.

“There are plenty of affordable options available that are as nutritional as they are cheap. You’ll soon realise that eating healthily on the cheap is easier than you might have first thought.”

Lentils

A bag of lentils costs 69p for 500g. They’re rich in potassium, calcium, zinc and vitamin K.

They’ve been proven to boost your immune system, and lower cholesterol.

Blood sugar levels could also be controlled by eating lentils.

Eggs

Eggs will leave you fuller for longer, for just £1.65 per dozen, the retailer said. 

The high protein helps to build muscle, while also easing muscle pain after a big workout.

You could even lose weight by eating eggs, as they’re a good source of vitamin D.

Avocado

Packed with carotenes and vitamin E, avocado could improve your eyesight.

It’s also been proven to lower bad cholesterol by about 22 per cent.

A pack of four would set you back about £1.80, and could be eaten with any meal.

Broccoli

A single broccoli costs about 43p for 350g, Musclefood.com said. 

It’s full of powerful antioxidants and fibres, and will help to improve your cardiovascular health.

Broccoli is also high in fibre, which has been linked to reducing cholesterol.

Oranges

Oranges could give your immune system a boost, as we head into cold and flu season.

Full of vitamin C, the fruit is also bursting with fibre and natural sugars to give you extra energy.

A bag of six oranges costs less than £1.

Almonds

A handful of almonds is “the ultimate superfood snack”, according to Musclefood.com.

They can help to lower your blood pressure and cholesterol for just £1.70 for 200g.

Almonds are high in protein, flavonoids, calcium, fibre and vitamin E.



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Arthritis symptoms: THIS £1 fruit could stop painful joint swelling

Pineapple contains enzymes that reduce joint inflammation and may help to ease some of the pain linked to both osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.

The enzyme, bromelain, is found naturally in pineapple. It’s an anti-inflammatory, a pain killer and also prevents blood clots.

Patients’ joint pain was eased after taking just 160mg of bromelain daily, studies have revealed.

Eating fresh pineapple, or drinking pineapple juice, is best for relieving arthritic symptoms. Cooked pineapple has between 50 to 66 per cent less bromelain. Canning pineapple also destroys some of the anti-inflammatory enzymes.

Scientists investigated the link between bromelain and arthritis in a study of 90 osteoarthritis patients.

Half were given a 90mg supplement containing bromelain, while the other half were given the more common treatment, a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID).

After six weeks, the enzyme supplement proved more effective at easing pain, stiffness and physical function, it was revealed.

A further, smaller, investigation analysed the supplement’s impact on rheumatoid arthritis.

Bromelain was given to 29 patients, 25 of which were rheumatoid arthritis patients.

The swelling was either significantly or completely reduced in 21 of the patients.

Pineapple is also rich in both vitamin C and vitamin D.

Vitamin C helps to repair proteins in the connective tissues that keep joints functioning properly.

Also, vitamin D helps the body to repair joint damage.

Eating more pineapple could also help to improve immunity. Its vitamins stimulate the body to create more white blood cells, that defend against the causes of flu.

Antioxidants in pineapple could also help to prevent cancers of the mouth, breast and throat, it was claimed.

About 10 million people in the UK have arthritis, including both the elderly and young children, according to the NHS.

Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis are the two most common types of arthritis.

Symptoms of the condition include joint pain and swelling, and restricted movement.

There is currently no cure for arthritis, but there are therapies that could slow down its development.

Therapies include NSAIDs, joint replacements, painkillers and physiotherapy.



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Sleepwalking: Sufferers have enhanced 'autopilot' that lets them move without thinking

Researchers made the discovery after testing the ability of sleepwalkers - somnambulists - to ignore distractions while performing a walking task.

A virtual reality technique was used to study sleepwalkers and non-sleepwalkers while they were awake.

Sleepwalkers' walking speed and accuracy was less affected by having to count backwards during the test, the scientists found.

Somnambulism affects 2-4 per cent of adults and has effects that range from small gestures to complex actions such as dressing, driving a car or playing a musical instrument while asleep.

Study leader Dr Oliver Kannape, a lecturer in cognitive neuroscience at the University of Central Lancashire, said: "Traditionally, little has been known about daytime markers of sleepwalking, mostly because of the difficulty in investigating this condition experimentally.

"Our research offers novel insight into this common sleep disorder and provides a clear scientific link between action monitoring, consciousness, and sleepwalking."

Participants wearing virtual reality headsets were asked to walk with an "avatar" towards a visual target, and then repeat the task while counting backwards in steps of seven.

At the same time, their walking speed and accuracy of movement were recorded.

Non-sleepwalkers slowed down significantly when having to count backwards, but sleepwalkers were not affected by the distraction, the study reported in the journal Current Biology showed.

Co-author Professor Olaf Blanke, head of the Laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience at the Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL) in Switzerland, said: "We found that sleepwalkers continued to walk at the same speed, with the same precision as before and were more aware of their movements than non-sleepwalkers.

"The research is also a first in the field of action-monitoring, providing important biomarkers for sleepwalkers while they are awake."



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THIS mysterious condition affects millions more than MS - but you probably don't know it

Dementia signs: THIS garden weed could help reduce Alzheimer’s disease symptoms

Drinking common stinging nettles, as a tea, could help to prevent Alzheimer’s disease, according to researchers.

The plant is rich in the mineral boron, which could increase the levels of oestrogen in the body.

A reduction of oestrogen has previously been linked to short-term memory loss.

Nettles could also boost the mood of some Alzheimer’s disease patients, researchers have claimed.

About two to three milligrams of boron is recommended daily.

A single serving of nettle tea would surpass the daily recommendation, according to ethnobotanist Dr James Duke.

Nettles also contain compounds that help to reduce inflammation, so it could be used as a treatment for arthritis, Duke added.

Stinging nettle tea could also help to relieve the symptoms of acne, eczema, diarrhoea, dysentery and cardiovascular diseases, it’s been claimed.

Other natural dementia treatments include coconut oil and cinnamon.

Coconut oil contains ketones, which help to rebuild the lining of brain nerves, improving cognitive communication, it’s been claimed.

The oil could also be used to treat ALS, epilepsy and autism, according to nutritionist Dr Bruce Fife.

Cinnamon extract can prevent dementia by stopping a protein in the brain from disintegrating, according to a study.

Dementia is a collection of symptoms that result from damage to the brain.

Symptoms vary depending on which part of the brain has been affected.

Common early signs of a neurological condition include memory loss, difficulty concentrating and struggling to follow a conversation.

As the condition develops, symptoms may include mobility problems, incontinence, difficulty communicating and depression.



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Breast cancer warning: Genetic varients that could increase your risk uncovered

Plague symptoms: Signs you could have DEADLY Black Death after Madagascar outbreak

There is currently an outbreak of both pneumonic and bubonic plague in Madagascar, according to The Foreign and Commonwealth Office.

The plague is an infectious disease that’s spread by a bacteria found in small animals and their fleas.

Humans can become infected from flea bites, unprotected contact with other infected humans, or by simply breathing near the infected.

Untreated plague can be deadly, so early treatment with antibiotics is vital, said the World Health Organization (WHO).

Plague symptoms include sudden fevers, head and body aches, vomiting and nausea.

Bubonic plague - the most common form of plague - can causes inflamed lymph nodes, making them tense and painful.

As the condition worsens, the lymph nodes can turn into pussy, open sores.

The bubonic plague is transmitted to humans by infected fleas.

Pneumonic plague is usually caused by bubonic plague spreading into the lungs.

It’s the most contagious form of the plague, and can be spread by coming into contact with respiratory droplets from infected humans.

Symptoms of pneumonic plague includes bloody or pussy saliva, chest pain and coughing. It can also lead to organ failure and shock.

Without treatment, patients could die within 18 hours.

Diagnosing the plague requires lab testing of either blood, sputum, or pus from an inflamed lymph node.

If the plague is found early, the condition can be treated with antibiotics and supportive therapy.

The WHO recommends protecting against flea bites to avoid becoming infected with the plague. It also suggests avoiding animal carcasses, and not touching anyone suspected of infection.

Meanwhile, Brits planning on travelling to Madagascar should ensure they have the correct travel insurance to stay protected, and have emergency funds accessible to cover any surprise medical costs.



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Bacteria’s ‘Achilles heel’ could see the end of patients’ resistance to antibiotics

The vulnerable spot is an enzyme many bugs rely on to destroy common antibiotics known as beta-lactams.

New research has shown that the enzyme plays a more important role in antibiotic resistance than other mechanisms that act as a barrier to the drugs.

Scientists found that a combination of two enzyme-inhibitors and the antibiotic aztreonam was able to kill some of the most resistant bacteria known.

Aiming for the beta-lactamase enzyme could make it possible to reverse a "significant proportion" of antibiotic resistance, said the researchers.

Dr Matthew Avison, from the University of Bristol's School of Cellular & Molecular Medicine, said: "Our bacteriology research has further demonstrated that beta-lactamases are the real 'Achilles heel' of antibiotic resistance in bacteria that kill thousands of people in the UK every year.

"Structural/mechanistic work on beta-lactamase enzymes ... is helping to drive the discovery of wave after wave of beta-lactamase inhibitors, including the potentially game-changing bicyclic boronate class, shown to be effective in our research, and recently successful in Phase I clinical trials.

"This is an exciting time for researchers studying beta-lactamase inhibitors. At the risk of sounding like King Canute, it is the first time for a decade that there is some genuine positivity about our ability to turn back the rising tide of beta-lactam antibiotic resistance."

The research appears in two journals, the Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy and Molecular Microbiology.



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Norovirus symptoms WARNING: Eating THIS could lead to winter vomiting bug

Oysters, mussels, scallops and clams could harbour the bug, according to Dr Roger Henderson.

The winter vomiting bug is the most common stomach bug in the UK. Between 600,000 and one million people will catch norovirus in the UK this year, it was estimated.

Shellfish eaters have been urged to avoid eating bivalve molluscs to reduce the risk of contracting the virus.

If eating out, the public has also been advised to make sure the restaurant has the highest food hygiene rating.

Dr Henderson said: “Norovirus is incredibly contagious and can be passed on through contact with an infected person, or contact with contaminated surfaces or objects.

“You can also get the virus from contaminated food and water, especially bivalve molluscs - oysters, mussels, clams, cockles and scallops.

“Avoid shellfish if there is an outbreak and if you’re eating out, make sure the restaurant has the highest level of food hygiene inspection score.”

The virus could also be passed from person to person on toilet seats and handles, Dr Henderson added.

Make sure you wash your hands regularly to lower your risk of getting norovirus, he said.

Wearing gloves when travelling on public transport will also help to ward off the bug.

If you become infected with norovirus, you shouldn’t prepare food for others until at least three days after the symptoms clear.

Most people recover from norovirus within a couple of days, and there is no specific treatment for the bug other than simply letting it run its course.

“Both vomiting and diarrhoea cause loss of water from the body,” said Dr Henderson. This means you need to drink plenty of liquids to replace lost fluids.

“Anti-diarrhoeal medicines, such as loperamide, can ease symptoms, while paracetamol can help aches and pains.”

Symptoms of norovirus include stomach cramps, fever, and aching limbs, as well as vomiting and diarrhoea.

Meanwhile, last week health officials warned the public to be vigilant against the winter vomiting bug.



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Mental health warning: THIS factor is linked to risk of early death in men and women

Mental health is the psychological and emotional wellbeing of a person and includes anxiety, depression, bipolar disorder and post-natal depression. 

It is estimated one in four people in the UK will experience a mental health problem each year.

New research has found that depression, one of the most common types of mental health, is strongly linked to a higher risk of early death.

According to a study published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal, there was a higher long-term risk of early death for both men and women with the condition.

“There is less stigma associated with depression, better treatments are available, but depression's link to mortality still persists," said Dr Stephen Gilman of the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, part of the National Institutes of Health in Bethesda, Maryland.

“At first, the association was limited to men, but in later years it was seen for women as well."

The study began in 1952 and as known internationally as one of the first community-based studies on mental illness.

Researchers looked at 60 years of mental health data on 3410 adults during three periods - 1952 to 1967, 1968 to 1990 and 1991 to 2011.

They discovered that there was a link between depression and increased risk of death in men throughout all the decades.

However, the association only emerged in women from the 1990s.

Scientists suggest that because risk of death appeared strongest in the years following a depressive episode, the risk could be lowered by effectively treating depression.

"The lifespan for young adults with depression at age 25 was markedly shorter over the 60-year period, ranging from 10 to 12 fewer years of life in the first group, 4 to 7 years in the second group and 7 to 18 fewer years of life in the 1992 group," said Dr Ian Colman, from the University of Ottawa in Ontario.

“Most disturbing is the 50 per cent increase in the risk of death for women with depression between 1992 and 2011."

Depression has been linked to poorer diet, lack of exercise, smoking and alcohol consumption.

But the researchers said this did not explain increased risk of death in this case, suggesting that changes in modern society might be to blame.

“During the last 20 years of the study in which women's risk of death increased significantly, roles have changed dramatically both at home and in the workplace, and many women shoulder multiple responsibilities and expectations," said Dr Colman.

If you would like to speak to someone the Samaritans offer a safe place to talk.



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Postnatal depression: Mums 'less likely to suffer if have winter or spring baby'

But those who give birth in the summer or autumn, have a premature baby or a painful birth are more likely to suffer from the common depression US scientists suggested during the cold and wet winter and springs new mums get more help and support as they and their partners are cooped up indoors because the bad weather.

And having a baby born more towards full term means mothers are less worried as they have seen their unborn baby developing normally.

But not having an epidural may leave them traumatised by the pain or if they refuse anaesthesia may have underlying traits that make them more vulnerable to getting postnatal depression.

White women were also less likely to get it, but overweight or obese women were more prone to it.

Postnatal depression affects more than one in every 10 British women within a year of giving birth.

Many women suffer from the baby blues which leaves them feeling a bit down, tearful or anxious in the first week after giving birth but it usually disappears within a fortnight.

But postnatal depression symptoms can last longer or start later.

Dr Jie Zhou, of Brigham & Women's Hospital in Boston said: "The symptoms of postpartum depression (PPD) include sadness, restlessness and/or agitation and decreased concentration.

"The prevalence of PPD is estimated at around 10 per cent, which results in negative personal and child developmental outcomes.

"Lots of physical, psychological and social factors may have influences on PPD.

"We wanted to find out whether there are certain factors influencing the risk of developing postpartum depression that may be avoided to improve women's health both physically and mentally," The study reviewed medical records of 20,169 women who delivered babies from June 2015 through August 2017. 

Of these 817 or 4.1 per cent women experienced PPD. While the study did not examine why certain factors might influence the development of PPD, Dr Zhou said: "In our study we found the following risk factors: gestational age, ethnicity, BMI of parturients and season had association with the incidence of PPD.

"About the influence of season on the incidence of PPD, it may be due to better care and more psychological support from other people in harsh weather situations."

He added the higher the gestational age, or the further along a woman is in her pregnancy, the more mature typically the baby will be at delivery.

He explained: "One possible reason for the observed association between gestational age and PPD is that as the gestational age increases, pregnant women intend to have better idea of how their foetuses are doing, 'it is expected that the mother will do better and be less mentally stressed when delivering a mature, healthy baby.'

"The significant difference in the risk of developing PPD between Caucasian and other populations may be due to differences in socioeconomic status among these ethnicities.

"While women with increased BMI needed more hospital-based maternal outpatient follow-ups and had more pregnancy-related complications, which could affect maternal outlook."

The study was presented at the American Society of Anesthesiologists's Anesthesiology  2017 annual meeting in Boston.



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Anti-cancer diet: Eating 420g of CHEAP vegetable could help gut ‘prevent’ cancers

Scientists have discovered that eating broccoli could help promote a healthy gut, and consequently help “prevent” some cancers.

Researchers at Penn State discovered that adding the cheap vegetable into your diet could help digestion and symptoms similar to leaky gut.

Leaky gut is a condition claimed by many to be linked to serious illnesses such as arthritis, Coeliac disease, Crohn’s disease and inflammatory bowel disease.

It is also thought to lead to an increased risk of some cancers, with a 2012 study published in PLOS ONE suggesting that a leaky gut may be the root of the condition in certain parts of the body.

“There are a lot of reasons we want to explore helping with gastrointestinal health and one reason is if you have problems, like a leaky gut, and start to suffer inflammation, that may then lead to other conditions, like arthritis and heart disease,” said Gary Perdew, a professor in agricultural sciences at Penn State.

“Keeping your gut healthy and making sure you have good barrier functions so you’re not getting this leaky effect would be really big.”

If you have a good intestinal barrier function it means that the gastrointestinal tract is working properly to help protect the intestines from toxins and harmful microorganisms, but still allowing nutrients to travel through.  

Researchers believe that cruciferous vegetables, which also include brussels sprouts and cauliflower, contain a compound called glucosinolates which is key.

Once broken down it activates a receptor in the intestinal lining which helps maintain a healthy balance in the gut flora, the ability of the immune system to identify cells which can become a problem - such as if they turn cancerous - and enhance barrier function.

In a statement on the research Penn State said: “This may help prevent diseases, such as various cancers and Crohn's Disease, caused by inflammation in the lining of the gut.”

The study was conducted on mice, who were given additional broccoli on top of their regular diet.

However, researchers translated the amount into a human equivalent, estimating the benefits could come from 3.5 cups of broccoli a day - or 420g.

“Now, three and a half cups is a lot, but it’s not a huge amount, really,” said Perdew. 

“We used a cultivar — or variety — with about half the amount of this chemical in it, and there are cultivars with twice as much.

“Also, brussels sprouts have three times as much, which would mean a cup of brussels sprouts could get us to the same level.”



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Diabetes warning: Sufferers have increased risk of THIS condition after surgery

Diabetes affects four million people in the UK, and there are many who are undiagnosed.

Sufferers are at an increased risk of heart disease and stroke, even when glucose levels are under control.

However, new research has found they are also more likely to develop cognitive issues after surgery.

A study by the American Society of Anesthesiologists found that patients with diabetes had an 84 per cent increased chance of experiencing postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) than those who are not diabetic.

The findings were made predominantly in older patients, with participants having an average age of 66.4 years.

A link between diabetes and age-related cognitive impairment - which includes symptoms such as problems with memory and language - has previously been established.

But this is the first time diabetes has been discovered to have a role in POCD.

Symptoms of POCD include loss of intellectual functions, such as thinking, remembering and reasoning. 

The condition is a major form of cognitive disturbance that can happen after surgery and anaesthesia, a medication which numbs parts of the body before they’re operated on.

However, little has been known about its risk factors.

“With POCD, a patient's mental ability declines after surgery, compared to their cognitive performance before surgery, resulting not only in increased complications and potential death, but also impairing the patient's quality of life," said Gunnar Lachmann, from the Department of Anesthesiology and Operative Intensive Care Medicine in Berlin, Germany.

“POCD is increasingly recognised as a common complication after major surgery, affecting 10 to 13 percent of patients, with seniors being especially vulnerable."

In the study researchers looked at 1,034 patients to see whether diabetes was a risk factor for POCD.

They found that it was, and particularly in those over 65 years.

"Our findings suggest that consideration of diabetes status may be helpful for the assessment of POCD risk among patients undergoing surgery," said Dr Lachmann. 

"Further studies are warranted to examine the potential mechanisms of this association, to ultimately help in the development of potential strategies for prevention."



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Taking antibiotics unnecessarily could cause more DEATHS than diabetes and cancer COMBINED

Taking antibiotics unnecessarily for mild ailments is causing a growing problem of antibiotics resistance - where harmful bacteria can’t be killed off - according to a new Government campaign unveiled today.

The frequent use of antibiotics for ailments like coughs, earache and sore throats, that could get better by themselves, means that the life-saving drugs may no longer work when they’re really needed.

This includes conditions like meningitis, pneumonia and sepsis, and antibiotics resistance is already thought to be responsible for 5000 deaths a year in England.

Public Health England (PHE), who today launched a new ‘Keep Antibiotics Working’ to warn people not to take antibiotics unless needed, estimate that in just 30 years it will kill more people than cancer and diabetes combined.

The PHE report reveals that antibiotics resistance is already a concern, with four in ten patients with an E.coli bloodstream infection in England unable to be treated with the most commonly used antibiotic in hospitals.

As antibiotic resistance grows, the options for treatment decrease, and experts are urging people to take their doctor’s advice.

“Without effective antibiotics, minor infections could become deadly and many medical advances could be at risk; surgery, chemotherapy and caesareans could become simply too dangerous,” said Professor Dame Sally Davies, Chief Medical Officer.

“But reducing inappropriate use of antibiotics can help us stay ahead of superbugs. The public has a critical role to play and can help by taking collective action.”

People are being urged to always trust their doctor, nurse or pharmacist’s advice as to when they need antibiotics, and if they are prescribed, to take antibiotics as directed and never save them for later use or share them with others. 

“Antibiotic resistance is not a distant threat, but is in fact one of the most dangerous global crises facing the modern world today,” said Professor Paul Cosford, Medical Director at PHE.

“Taking antibiotics when you don’t need them puts you and your family at risk of developing infections which in turn cannot be easily treated with antibiotics. 

“Without urgent action from all of us, common infections, minor injuries and routine operations will become much riskier.”

For many illness, rest, drinking plenty of fluids and taking paracetamol for pain relief are the best cures.

“As GPs we are often asked to prescribe antibiotics by patients who think that they will cure all their ills,” said Dr Chris Van Tulleken, TV and of infectious diseases doctor at University College London Hospitals.

“The reality is that antibiotics are not always needed so you shouldn’t expect to be prescribed them by your doctor or nurse. 

“Always take their advice and remember that your pharmacist can recommend medicines to help with your symptoms or pain.”



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This simple test could identify those at risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease

Experts believe delays in processing the written word could be a red flag before other symptoms start to show.

If an early warning test was used, patients could be offered drugs to prolong their mental function.

Scientists at Birmingham University found reading was abnormal in patients who went on to develop Alzheimer’s, a form of dementia.

Researcher Dr Katrien Segaert said: “What we found in our study is that this brain response is aberrant in individuals who will go on in the future to develop Alzheimer’s but intact in patients who remained stable.

“Our findings were unexpected as language is usually affected by Alzheimer’s in much later stages of the onset of the disease.”

Scientists fitted 25 patients with electroencephalogram (EEG) skull caps, which detect electrical activity in the brain.

It showed how quickly they processed words on a computer screen – it normally takes a quarter of a second for the brain to process a word.

Participants included healthy elderly people, patients with mild cognitive impairment and those who developed Alzheimer’s three years after diagnosis.

Dr Segaert added: “Verification could lead the way to early intervention and the development of a new low cost and non-invasive test.

“EEG could be used as part of a routine medical evaluation when a patient first presents to their GP with concern over memory issues.”

Alzheimer’s affects 850,000 people in Britain.

There is no no cure.

Dr Rosa Sancho, at Alzheimer’s Research UK, said: “Being able to spot those most at risk could be important for providing an early diagnosis.”

This latest research was published in NeuroImage Clinical.



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Flu jab 2017: Is Calvin Harris correct that the vaccine contains TOXIC metal?

Flu symptoms include sore throat, coughing and fever, and catching the virus risks complications such as pneumonia and even death.

Public Health England and the NHS are encouraging people, particularly those in high-risk groups such as children, the elderly and those with chronic illnesses, to protect themselves by getting the flu jab.

However, Calvin Harris, the Scottish DJ and producer, has caused controversy over comments he made last week about the safety of the vaccine.

In a series of since-deleted tweets to Dr Ellie Cannon, a GP and TV presenter - who was defending the vaccine - he claimed that it was a “neurotoxin shot” and suggested that the “mercury” he alleged it contained was harmful.

Harris suggested that the virtues of the flu jab were a “conspiracy theory” and argued that the dangers were acknowledged in “several government medical papers”.

Richard Pebody, acting head of respiratory disease at Public Health England, said it was incorrect of Harris to claim that the flu jab contains potentially-harmful metals, explaining that it does not contain any of the metal mercury.

“All ingredients in the flu vaccine are safe,” he said.

“The main ingredient of any vaccine is the disease-causing virus, bacteria or toxin, but a number of other components are needed to make the final vaccine as safe and effective as possible.”

The confusion over whether the flu vaccine contains mercury may derive from a component that is present in other vaccines.

Pebody said: “There is an ingredient called thiomersal that does contain mercury, but is not present in the flu vaccine.”

According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), thiomersal is a preservative used to prevent bacterial and fungal growth in some inactivated vaccines.

The WHO states: “There is no evidence to suggest that the amount of thiomersal used in vaccines poses a health risk.”

Pebody reiterated that the flu jab was still the best protection against the flu, and was free for many groups in the UK.

“It is crucial that all eligible groups get vaccinated before people start getting flu,” he explained.

“This year the vaccine is available to those aged 65 years or over, those with a long-term health condition such as asthma or diabetes, pregnant women, children aged two to eight as well as those living in a residential or nursing home and the main carer of an older or disabled person.”

For more information visit nhs.uk/staywell



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Heart disease causes: Five avoidable risk factors for UK’s DEADLIEST condition

Heart disease is a leading cause of death in the UK, with heart and circulatory diseases killing more than one in four people in the UK.

According to the Mayo Clinic, heart disease symptoms depend on which type you have.

However, they commonly include racing heartbeat, lightheadedness, fluttering in the chest, swelling in the ankles and fatigue.

The disease is easier to treat if caught early so you should seek medical attention if you experience chest pain, fainting or shortness of breath.

However, preventing it in the first place is even more preferable.

Here are five risk of factors heart disease you should stop now.

Smoking

The Mayo Clinic explains that the nicotine in cigarettes constricts your blood vessels, while carbon monoxide can damage their inner lining.

This can make blood vessels more susceptible to atherosclerosis - where the arteries become clogged with fatty substances.

Research has found that heart attacks are more common in smokers than in non-smokers.

Being sedentary

A lack of exercise has been associated with many forms of heart disease, according to the Mayo Clinic.

Physical activity can keep your heart in good condition.

Stress

Feeling regularly stressed can damage your arteries and worsen other risk factors.

Studies have linked stress to changes in the way blood clots, which can increase risk of heart attack.

Poor diet

A diet that's high in fat, salt, sugar and cholesterol can contribute to heart disease, according to the Mayo Clinic.

Eating saturated and trans fats in particular can increase blood cholesterol and heart attack rates.

Poor hygiene

According to the Mayo Clinic, not regularly washing your hands or other unhygienic habits can help prevent viral or bacterial infections.

These can put you at risk of heart infections, particularly if you already have an underlying heart condition.

Additionally, research has found that poor dental health also may contribute to heart disease.



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Could THIS psoriasis treatment revolutionise HOME remedies for the skin condition?

Psoriasis is a chronic, inflammatory disorder, which causes red, flaky and crusty patches of skin, covered in silvery skin.

It’s a long-lasting condition that’s caused by too many skin cells being made.

About two per cent of the UK are affected by psoriasis, and it develops mainly in adults under 35.

But, the condition goes deeper than just on the skin, according to Senior Clinician for Barts and The London NHS Trust, Professor Rino Cerio.

“Psoriasis is more than skin deep,” he told Express.co.uk. “If you have the condition, you’re 30 per cent more at risk of developing arthritis - particularly if you have severe psoriasis.

“It can affect your nails, and even leads to so-called metabolic syndrome.

“There’s more treatment for psoriasis now than ever before. It became a priority about 10 years ago, and the drug industry invested a lot of money into it.”

A new blue-light therapy treatment could relieve the symptoms of psoriasis in patients. The therapy uses certain types of ultraviolet light on the affected skin.

A clinical trial, with researchers at the University Hospital of Aachen, investigating the device found symptoms were reduced in psoriasis patients, including thickness of plaque, redness and scaling.

The device attaches directly to the body, and shines on the affected skin.

It takes about 15 minutes for the therapy to work, according to its manufacturer, Philips Healthcare.

The company’s Principal Scientist said: “Psoriasis complicates millions of daily lives and disrupts countless relationships.

“For this reason, Philips Light Therapy team set out to create a world-first treatment for psoriasis sufferers to give them back control of the condition.”

Current treatments for psoriasis include creams for the skin, oral and injectable medications, and blue-light therapy.

Cerio urged patients to combine treatments to gain the most benefit.

“It’s a very interesting and useful device, that’s easy to use at home,” he said.

“I’ve given it to some of my patients. It will be very useful for those with a mild case of the disease, but it needs to be used with other medication too.”



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Eczema treatment: These three cures can SOOTHE itchy skin condition

Eczema causes skin to become itchy, red, dry, sore and cracked.

It affects one in 12 adults in the UK - a figure that are on the rise thanks to certain chemicals in shower gels, face wipes and other household products.

The most common type is atopic dermatitis, which can affect both children and adults.

While symptoms may develop in any area, it most often affects the hands, insides of the elbows, backs of the knees and the face and scalp in children.

The exact cause of the skin condition is unknown, but it can often be triggered by soaps, detergents, stress and the weather.

There are a number of options for helping to relieve symptoms - try these three.

Diet

Some foods are known to trigger signs of eczema, according to the NHS.

These include eggs and cow’s milk, and reducing them or cutting them out of your diet could help.

However, you shouldn’t drastically change your diet without speaking to your GP first.

Moisturising treatments

Applying emollients - or moisturising treatments - to the skin can reduce water loss and cover it with a protective film.

There are several different types - lotions, creams and ointments - and they can each treat different levels of symptoms.

For example ointments can help very dry skin, while lotions can help more mild dryness.

Your GP will be able to prescribe which suits you best.

Stop scratching

The skin condition is very itchy, but it is important to avoid scratching the affected area if possible. 

According to the NHS, scratching can damage the skin and then cause more eczema to occur.

They recommend gently rubbing skin with your fingers instead, keeping your nails short and covering your skin with light clothing.



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