A newly discovered protein is beneficial for crops

A study at the UNIVERSITY of Illinois, Usa, has shown a new protein can protect crops from toxins, potentially saving millions of DOLLARS each year for farmers. A problem in agriculture is that many types of plants to create a type of plant-mixed poison in photosynthesis instead absorb the carbon to grow. Type of plant-toxic mixture is then recycled through a process called photosynthesis respiration (photorespiration). Researchers at the University of Illinois-including scientists Paul South of USDA/ARS, scientist Don Ort of USDA/ARS (right), and Amanda Cavanagh (left). Researchers at the UNIVERSITY of Illinois have discovered a key protein in the process of photosynthesis respiration which they say could be applied to increase the yield of crops.

"Photosynthesis respiration so essential for C3, e.g. rice and soy, but activity should consume a huge amount of fixed carbon and energy," Don Ort, a scientist at the USDA/ARS and is Professor of plant biology at the UNIVERSITY of Illinois stated in a press release. "We got to see the process of photosynthesis respiration is a fundamental objective to improve efficiency during photosynthesis, as well as a strategy to improve crop yields. Successful restructuring photosynthesis respiration requires deep understanding of the process in which knowledge about the transport step is limited. "

The researchers discovered the plant protein Bile Acid Sodium Symporter 6, or product transport, glycolate BASS6 poison out of the chloroplasts (chloroplast) where it is recycled into a sugar molecule. This useful molecules known as glycerate, they reduce CO2 and Ammonia are harmful substances while spending energy. For so long we know that chloroplast of a plant manufacturing 2 molecules of glycolate to record a glycerate molecules, however, this chemical equation has no effect whatsoever until I discovered the function of BASS6.

"Until the present time, we are experimenting to create a shortcut to avoid all non-essential steps in the process of photosynthesis respiration," Paul South, a research student after the USDA/ARS at the Institute's Dr. Carl r. Woese of biological Genes in Illinois. "We are building a shortcut to accelerate the process of turning glycote into glycerate instead to BASS6 and PLGG 1 to do that. One of the benefits of this shortcut is that plants do not produce Ammonia, so they will no longer have to spend a lot of energy to recover Ammonia "

This study was published in the journal Plant Cell. "We can provide food for about 200 million people, with the number of calories is wasted in the process of photosynthesis respiration each year in the Midwestern United States (Midwest)," Berkley Walker, UNIVERSITY of Dusseldoft said. "While we cannot capture all output, only 5% of the energy is wasted in the process of photosynthesis respiration can be worth millions of dollars each year".