Raynaud’s syndrome: What is condition as common as hayfever, that turns fingers BLUE?

Raynaud’s is caused by blood flow becoming blocked when in cold temperatures, or when anxious or stressed.

The affected body parts can change colour from red, to white, and the to blue, because not enough blood is reaching the areas.

Symptoms can last from a few minutes, up to several hours, according to the NHS.

But, the condition could be treated with a number of natural foods, including bananas, ginger and seafood.

“The onset of autumn and winter can be a challenging time for those suffering with Raynaud’s phenomenon,” said allcures.com’s Superintendent Pharmacist, Jagdeesh Cheema.

He told Express.co.uk: “It can be very uncomfortable, painful, and make everyday tasks like writing or buttoning up a coat difficult.”

The condition occurs due to over-sensitive blood vessels, and there are two forms of the condition.

In Primary Raynaud’s, patients’ blood supply is interrupted to the extremities - mainly the fingers and toes, but it can also affect the nose, ears and nipples.

It leaves them feeling numb and tingly, and causes them to change colour. When they warm up again, it can cause a stinging or throbbing pain.

Cheema said: “Secondary Raynaud’s is usually caused by another underlying condition such as an autoimmune disease, like scleroderma or lupus, that causes the blood vessels to overreact. This usually needs a little more monitoring."

Secondary Raynaud’s carries a higher risk of complications. Although rare, it could lead to ulcers, scarring, and even tissue death.

About 10 million people are living with Raynaud’s in the UK, it’s been estimated.

Roughly 10 per cent of the global population have the condition, and even eating or touching cold food and drinks could trigger symptoms.

“The first step is being able to identify the condition, so if you notice any over sensitivity to the drop in temperature over the autumn and winter months, then book an appointment with your GP to get a proper diagnosis,” Cheema added.

In most cases, the condition can be treated by avoiding the cold, wearing gloves and using relaxation techniques when feeling stressed.

Adding extra potassium to your diet could improve symptoms, it’s been claimed. The mineral controls fluid balance in the body, and helps to dilate blood vessels and arteries. So, eating potassium-rich foods, including bananas, could help the condition.

Ginger could also help to treat Raynaud’s by improving blood circulation in the body.

Foods rich in vitamin E helps to reinforce blood vessel walls, so oxygen and blood can move throughout the body easily. Avocado, leafy green vegetables and seafood are all packed full of vitamin E.

Meanwhile, for a more herbal approach to treating the condition, Padma Circosan supplements are made up of 21 plant and mineral ingredients to combat the symptoms of Raynaud’s.

It includes polyphenols, bioflavonoids and essential oils, and has anti-inflammatory and circulation-stimulating effects, the manufacturer claimed.

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Pancreatic cancer symptoms: One in three would NOT be concerned if they had these signs

In a poll by Pancreatic Cancer UK, 35 per cent of adults said they would not be anxious if they were suffering from a few of the signs of the disease including stomach pain, indigestion, unexplained weight loss or a change in bowel habits.

The charity is concerned people may not take symptoms seriously and raise them with their GP.

Its survey of more than 4,000 adults, released to mark the start of pancreatic cancer awareness month, also found that few understood how serious the disease is.

Many were unaware of the poor survival rates and one in five believed that typical patients live for at least five years after diagnosis, the charity said.

But official figures show that less than 7 per cent of people with pancreatic cancer will survive beyond five years in the UK.

"We must all be aware of the possible signs of pancreatic cancer, and of the devastating impact this disease can have, because 93 per cent of people diagnosed will not live beyond five years," said chief executive Alex Ford.

"This is in large part due to 80 per cent of patients being diagnosed at a late stage, when treatment options are very limited.

"If people would not be concerned if they spotted a number of the possible symptoms, and at the same time not understand the seriousness of pancreatic cancer, they may not take action quickly enough, which could then delay diagnosis and treatment.

"The earlier people are diagnosed, the more likely they are to be able to have surgery, which is the one treatment which can save lives.

"This November, please join us and get on Purple Alert for pancreatic cancer, and together we will take on this tough cancer."

According to Pancreatic Cancer UK, common symptoms of the disease include: tummy and back pain, unexplained weight loss, indigestion, and changes to bowel habits.

Other symptoms include loss of appetite, jaundice (yellow skin or eyes) or itchy skin, feeling and being sick, difficulty swallowing and recently diagnosed diabetes.

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Stomach cancer warning: Taking long-term acid reflux medication could DOUBLE your risk

Stomach cancer is fairly common in the UK, with around 7,000 people diagnosed each year and it is the third leading cause of cancer death in the world.

According to Cancer Research UK, risk factors include smoking, alcohol, poor diet and bacterial infection, amongst other causes.

However, long-term use of medication prescribed to help ease acid reflux could also increase your chances of suffering.

Research published in the journal Gut has revealed that proton pump inhibitors (PPI) - a class of drugs commonly used to treat the condition - could double a person’s risk of developing cancer of the stomach.

Previous research has found an association between PPI use and heightened stomach cancer risk.

However, scientists have been unable to factor in the potential role of Helicobacter pylori - a bacteria which is more common in patients with acid reflux and which is known to play a part in the development of stomach cancer. 

If the bacteria is eliminated from the gut - through PPI treatment - it lowers a person’s risk of cancer.

But many people who have been treated successfully for the bacterial infection still go on to get stomach cancer.

In the new study, researchers wanted to test whether PPIs were to blame.

They compared them with another drug designed to dampen down acid production, called H2 blockers.

Taking PPIs was associated with more than doubling - 2.44 times - in the risk of developing stomach cancer.

But taking H2 blockers was not associated with any such heightened risk.

The longer the PPI use the more the risk of stomach cancer increased by.

Researchers note that this is an observational study, and PPIs are generally considered safe.

However, recent research has additionally linked the drugs to unwanted side-effects such as pneumonia, heart attack, and bone fracture.

It is thought they stimulate the production of gastrin, a powerful growth factor.

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Prostate cancer symptoms: SIX signs you could be suffering from the DEADLY condition

Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer in men in the UK, with 40,000 new prostate cancer cases diagnosed every year.

Rates are on the rise - they are projected to increase by 12 per cent between 2014 and 2035 - and one of the reasons is thought to be that men aren’t taking a proactive role in their health.

Men die on average four years earlier than women, and according to recent research published in The Lancet, the gap isn’t closing.

This November, the Movember Foundation is working to encourage men to pay attention to their mental and physical health.

“When we look at these stats, it becomes so clear that there is a men’s health crisis,” said Owen Sharp, CEO, Movember Foundation.

“There is a lot that needs to be done, but by talking about it, by encouraging our friends to take action for their health and supporting them, we can help keep the men we love around to live happier, healthier, longer lives.

“They don’t have to miss out on those key moments that matter most.”

Here are six signs of prostate cancer you should know, according to the NHS.

- Needing to urinate more frequently, often during the night

- Needing to rush to the toilet

- Difficulty in starting to pee (hesitancy)

- Straining or taking a long time while urinating

- Weak flow

- Feeling that your bladder has not emptied fully

According to the NHS, symptoms of prostate cancer may not develop until the cancer has progressed.

If the cancer spreads, it may cause other symptoms.

These include bone and back pain, loss of appetite, pain in the testicles and unexplained weight loss.

One in eight men in the UK will get prostate cancer, say Prostate Cancer UK.

The prostate - which is the size of a walnut - sits underneath the bladder and surrounds the urethra.

It mostly affects men over 50, however those below that age can get it too, and being overweight increases your risk.

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Alzheimer's news: Neurodegenerative disease 'could originate OUTSIDE the brain'

Seven things ALL men over 40 should know to stay healthy

Dry skin: Ditch THIS food for avocado to improve condition and make your skin glow

Skin health could be improved by doing light exercise, get an extra couple of hours sleep a night, and by avoiding low fat diets, said skin expert Abigail James.

Sugar could cause an inflammatory reaction in skin, and could lead to acne, dry skin and even premature ageing.

Cutting back on caffeine would reduce your risk of skin redness and sensitivity, James said.

Her comments came after a survey revealed 62 per cent of British women admitted dry skin affected their mental health.

“With so many women admitting that bad skin knocks their confidence and disrupts their lives, finding an approach that achieves healthy skin is clearly important,” said James.

“A number of holistic lifestyle factors contribute to the health of our skin, such as the food we eat, how much sleep we get and the personal care products we use.”

James recommended reducing the amount of fragrances we use on our faces, and to cut back on unnecessary chemicals.

Healthy fats were needed for healthy cell function, she said. That meant replacing margarine for avocados, fish, nuts and seeds.

Light exercise increases the amount of ‘happy’ hormones in the body, and improves blood flow. This gives skin a “lovely, healthy glow”, James said.

Getting extra sleep will improve the visible appearance of skin by improving circulation, she added.

Finally, don’t forget to keep track of the skin all over the body, not just our faces, urged the skin expert.

She recommended using products that were gentle on skin, with natural moisturisers.

Meanwhile, a survey by Sanex Zero% revealed 75 per cent of women admitted their confidence was knocked when they’re having a bad skin day.

One in nine also said they were less likely to volunteer for a work presentation when having a bad skin day.

The most common skin conditions in the UK include eczema, cold sores, hives, psoriasis and ringworm.

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Vegan diet warning: Beware THIS unexpected side-effect of SUDDENLY ditching meat and dairy

Vegan diets have grown in popularity in recent years, and involves removing everything from dairy and meat, to honey and eggs from your meals.

The rise has been attributed to environmental and health concerns, as well a host of celebrity fans including Natalie Portman and Jared Leto.

There is much evidence a plant-based diet is good for you - it has been linked to weight loss, increased energy, better heart health and lower risk of cancer.

However, cutting out several food groups at once can be detrimental to your health.

A sudden change in diet could cause short-term hair loss.

This is because adjusting to a diet without protein-rich meats and fish could affect the hair’s cell renewal and health.

“Protein is one of the most important nutrients for healthy hair,” said Cassandra Barns, a nutritionist.

“Keratin, a substance that provides the strength and structure of hair, is a protein, and our body makes it from the proteins that we eat.”

She suggested that if you want to remove animal protein from your diet to ensure you consume enough plant-based protein.

This could include replacing fish and eggs, with beans, lentils, nuts and seeds.

Another risk with embarking on a vegan diet, is deficiency in vitamin B12 and calcium.

It is due to a lack of dairy products, such as cheese, milk and yoghurt.

Vitamin B12 is important for a healthy immune system, while calcium is needed to help build and support your bone density and keep teeth strong.

Up your intake of these nutrients on a vegan diet by eating tofu, spinach and kale.

Or take a supplement, such as Nature’s Plus Source of Life Garden Vitamin B12.

However, positive side-effects you may experience by following a vegan diet include clear skin, due to lack of dairy, and better quality sleep, thanks to a diet full of nuts, leafy greens and oatmeal.

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Crohn's: Smoking can cause agonising bowel condition that brings misery to thousands

Dementia breakthrough: Alzheimer’s disease symptoms may NOT start in brain

Dementia affects 850,000 in the UK and is a leading killer, and Alzheimer’s disease is its most common form.

The condition has long been associated with the brain since it affects memory, thinking, information processing and decision-making.

But new research suggests that it may actually begin elsewhere in the body.

A study by the University of British Columbia found that breakdowns in other areas could trigger brain-related symptoms.

In a study using mice, scientists found that an Alzheimer’s-causing protein, amyloid-beta, could travel - like cancer - to the brain from other parts of the body.

It is the first time researchers have shown that when the protein develops outside the brain it could still contribute to Alzheimer’s.

Past studies have associated amyloid-beta with cognitive decline.

In Alzheimer’s sufferers it forms clumps - or ‘plaques’ - that smother brain cells.

Amyloid-beta is produced in blood platelets, blood vessels and muscles, and its precursor protein is found in several other organs in addition to the brain.

The researchers believe that future Alzheimer’s drugs could now target the kidney or liver, and remove the toxic protein from the blood before it reaches the brain.

This may be more effective than drugs that directly target the brain, which is complex, sensitive and often hard to reach. 

It is thought that a drug could bind to amyloid-beta throughout the body in a way that allows the kidneys and liver to clear it out.

“The blood-brain barrier weakens as we age,” said Dr Weihong Song, from the University of British Columbia.

“That might allow more amyloid beta to infiltrate the brain, supplementing what is produced by the brain itself and accelerating the deterioration."

The findings suggest that Alzheimer’s is a ‘whole body’ problem, rather than one just related to the brain.

“Alzheimer's disease is clearly a disease of the brain, but we need to pay attention to the whole body to understand where it comes from, and how to stop it," added Song.

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High blood pressure symptoms: Eating THIS type of food could lower risk of heart attacks

Blood pressure has been linked to the amount of spicy foods people eat.

Those eating more spicy foods appear to eat less salty foods.

Reducing the amount of salt in the diet also reduces the risk of heart attacks and strokes.

Spicy foods made people more sensitive to salt, so they could enjoy foods with less of it, the scientists said.

“Previously, a pilot study found that trace amounts of capsaicin, the chemical that gives chilli peppers their pungent smell, enhanced the perception of food being salty,” said senior study author Zhiming Zhu.

“We wanted to test whether this effect would also reduce salt consumption.”

The researchers analysed the eating habits of 606 Chinese adults, and found out whether they preferred salty or spicy foods.

They compared their preferences to blood pressure.

Those that ate more spicy foods had an 8mm lower systolic, and a 5mm lower diastolic blood pressure.

Those who didn’t like spicy foods as much ate more salt, the researchers from the Third Military Medical University in Chongqing, China, revealed.

Spicy food-lovers were more sensitive to salt, they added.

“If you add some spices to your cooking, you can cook food that tastes good without using as much salt,” said Zhu.

“Yes, habit and preference matter when it comes to spicy food, but even a small, gradual increase in spices in your food may have a health benefit.”

Further studies were needed to confirm whether the findings would be similar for all other nationalities, outside of China.

Eating less than 6g of salt a day was recommended by the NHS to help patients lower their blood pressure.

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Stop smoking and lose weight if you want an operation, says NHS

Smokers and people with a body mass index of 30 or above are being asked to "lose weight and/or stop smoking" before they are referred for surgery from November.

The plan has been announced by Bath and North East Somerset Clinical Commissioning Group.

It is the NHS organisation that monitors and coordinates the delivery of health services on behalf of everyone living in the area.

Dr Ruth Grabham, from the group, said along with the "long-term health benefits", hospital stays for patients "may also be shorter".

She said: "Stopping smoking and achieving a healthy weight before routine surgery helps limit avoidable complications, improves surgical outcomes and aids the recovery process.''

The CCG is planning to extend the scheme to other types of non-urgent surgery in 2018.

A spokesman said: ''People living in Bath and North East Somerset are invited to help shape new plans to tackle obesity and smoking, by encouraging patients who need routine surgery to quit smoking and/or lose weight beforehand.

''The proposals for a new 'health optimisation' scheme will see smokers receive help to quit, and obese patients with a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or above supported to lose weight, before their surgery.

''Studies show that patients who succeed in adopting a healthier lifestyle have a reduced risk of complications during and after their operation, recover more quickly and experience long-term health benefits.

''The scheme is in line with NHS Bath and North East Somerset Clinical Commissioning Group's (BaNES CCG) goal to support everyone to make healthier lifestyle choices and reduce preventable ill-health.''

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Dementia symptoms: THIS cheap supplement could reduce risk of condition

Dementia affects about 850,000 people in the UK, according to the Alzheimer’s Society.

Psyllium is a type of fibre, that comes from the outer covering of some plants, known as the husk.

It’s one of the largest sources of natural fibre. About 28g of psyllium husks contains 4g of fibre.

Eating a diet rich in fibre could slow down the effects of dementia, a study has revealed.

Those eating large amounts of fibre were 80 per cent more likely to live a healthier life over the following 10 years, the study claimed.

Lead author of the US research, Dr Bamini Gopinath, said: “Out of all the variables that we looked at, fibre intake - which is a type of carbohydrate that the body can't digest - had the strongest influence [on healthy ageing].

“Essentially, we found that those who had the highest intake of fibre, or total fibre, actually had an almost 80 per cent greater likelihood of living a long and healthy life over a 10-year follow-up.

“That is, they were less likely to suffer from hypertension, diabetes, dementia, depression, and functional disability.”

Taking psyllium husk supplements could lower your risk of developing dementia, by also reducing your risk of nutrient deficiency.

Psyllium comes from the seeds of Plantago ovate, a herb mainly grown in India.

The supplement is also used as a laxative to relieve constipation, and could control lower blood sugar levels.

Other health benefits of the herb include weight loss, lower cholesterol levels, and it could reduce blood pressure.

Dementia is a collection of symptoms that result from damage to the brain caused by different diseases, according to the NHS.

Early symptoms of dementia include memory loss, difficulty concentrating and confusion.

As conditions progress, it can cause mobility problems, difficulty communicating, incontinence, and trouble eating.

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Best supplements: Diabetes REVERSED with this £1 a day natural vitamin

Ojamin Herb & Fruit uses 14 natural ingredients, and could reverse fatty liver diseases, which in most cases are the cause for type 2 diabetes, scientists have revealed. The findings could lead to a reversal in type 2 diabetes, the company said.

The supplement, which costs £30 for a one months supply, is available as a bottled tonic, as a sachet, or as a capsule.

Fatty liver diseases are found in more than 75 per cent of diabetics. The condition causes fatty deposits to build up, making the body resistant to insulin.

But, Ojamin showed “promise” in preventing type 2 diabetes from developing in those with liver diseases.

“We are delighted with the findings, which support the legacy of personal experiences and testimonials offered by Ojamin users over many years,” said Pete Tate, founder of the supplement’s manufacturer.

“This is a great news for those at risk of developing type 2 diabetes, and looking for an all-natural supplement to help in prevention.

“We are pursuing further clinical trials and believe this is the world’s first truly effective fully natural medicine for diabetics.”

Ojamin Herb & Fruit supplements helped to restart mitochondrial function in liver disease patients, according to a study by the Innovative Concepts in Drug Development.

The supplement is made up of aloe vera, basil, beleric, bitter melon, cumin, gooseberry, ball, haritaki, fenugreek, java plum, neem, okra, turmeric and watermelon seeds.

All of the ingredients are sourced from India, and combined with pure spring water.

Other beneficial effects of the supplement include boosting the immune system and reducing wrinkles.

Ojamin is fully approved by UK government, the manufacturer confirmed.

It doesn’t interfere with any current medication, and is free from soy, dairy, gluten and sugar.

Meanwhile, a 99p herbal supplement could help to get rid of your cold.

Phyllanthus amarus herbs could be used to treat flu and colds, studies have claimed.

The herb has traditionally been used to treat hepatitis, diabetes and hypertension.

It’s also a diuretic, and can help to lower blood pressure, it’s been claimed.

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Cancer treatment side effects: Coping with diarrhoea, constipation and acid indigestion

Pregnancy chances improved by getting a good night’s sleep study reveals

Researchers from the Hanabusa Women's Clinic in Kobe, Japan, questioned 208 women who had undergone assisted reproductive technology treatment – which can include IVF – and found poor quality sleep had a negative impact on fertilisation rates. 

Following the survey, which included questions on sleep duration, disturbances and use of sleeping medication, the trial participants were divided into three categories: no sleep difficulties, mild difficulties and severe difficulties. 

The eggs of women who had no difficulty sleeping were around 20 per cent more likely to be fertilised than those of women who slept badly, the research showed. 

The scientists found that 67.1 per cent of eggs from women who slept soundly were successfully fertilised in a laboratory, compared with 63.1 per cent and 48.6 percent of those with mild and severe difficulties respectively. 

The team concluded: “Good sleep patterns can be one of the important daily habits for patients to improve their response to fertility treatments and increase their chances of pregnancy.”

The study also showed occasional or moderate alcohol consumption had a positive impact on successful fertilisation. 

The researchers said this may be due to alcohol's effect on stress relief and sleep induction. 

The results of the trial were published on the American Society for Reproductive Medicine's website. 

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Running to survive a divorce and find a new purpose: Tina Chantrey's story

Weight loss warning: High street meal deal containing THIRTY teaspoons of sugar REVEALED

Aspirin can HALVE risk of some deadly cancers, a study has found

Scientists said taking a low dose for at least six months can reduce the chances of being struck down by almost 50 per cent.

A study involving more than 600,000 people found the common over-the-counter drug was especially effective against types of the killer disease which start in the digestive system.

The risk of cancers affecting the liver and oesophagus were cut by 47 per cent and those beginning in the stomach, pancreas and bowel fell by 38, 34 and 24 per cent respectively.

Aspirin was also found to dramatically reduce cancers of the lung, blood and prostate gland by as much as a third.

Professor Kelvin Tsoi, from the Chinese University of Hong Kong, where the landmark study took place, said: “Long-term use of aspirin – 80mg daily – can significantly reduce digestive cancer incidence. Similar benefits were observed in some other nondigestive cancers such as leukaemia, lung and prostate cancer.

“Long-term use showed 24 to 47 per cent significant reduction on major cancers in the gastro-intestinal [GI] tract, including colorectal, liver, oesophagus, pancreas and stomach.”

Long-term aspirin use cut the risk of prostate cancer by 14 per cent, leukaemia by 24 per cent and lung cancer by 35 per cent.

There was no significant protection against breast, bladder, kidney and multiple myeloma cancers.

Millions of Britons take a daily aspirin which can stave off heart attacks and strokes by preventing blood clots.

Costing as little as 2p per dose, the drug works as a painkiller by blocking inflammation in the body. Researchers analysed the records of 618,884 patients, 206,295 of whom took aspirin and 412,589 who did not.

The participants, whose average age was 67, were followed for up to 14 years. Those who had taken aspirin had done so for at least six months with the average duration and daily dose 7.7 years and 80mg.

Cancer was diagnosed in 98,533 people over the study period. Professor Tsoi said: “Aspirin is an anti-inflammatory but this was an observational study. We can’t say why it seems to help prevent gastro-intestinal cancers in particular.”

The findings, to be presented at the United European Gastroenterology Week conference in Barcelona, come as tests take place on 11,000 Britons who have recently had, or are having, treatment for bowel, breast, oesophageal, prostate or stomach cancer.

Scientists think that, when taken alongside new immunotherapy drugs, aspirin stops cancer cells “hiding”, allowing the immune system to find and destroy tumours. They believe the 10-year Add-Aspirin study taking place at 100 UK hospitals could yield “game-changing” treatments for the killer disease.

The race for a cure for one of the world’s most feared diseases comes as forecasts show half of people born in the early 1960s and beyond will develop cancer at some point in their lives.

Dr Jasmine Just, of Cancer Research UK which is funding the study with the National Institute for Health Research, said: “While there’s good evidence aspirin can reduce the risk of bowel cancer in some people, even with these results it’s not yet entirely clear if aspirin can do the same for other cancers.”

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Alzheimer's news: Nutritional drink could off protection against symptoms

Dementia diet: Drink costing less than £4 has been shown to delay onset of Alzheimer's

The best supplement for preventing dementia has traditionally been omega-3 fatty acids, found in oily fish.

Now scientists have identified a combination of nutrients that could reduce decline in the early stage of Alzheimer’s disease.

A study published in The Lancet Neurology has revealed that the ingredients in a daily medical nutrition drink - currently available in the UK for approximately £3.30 - could slow cognitive decline.

The drink, called Souvenaid, contains an active ingredient named ‘Fortasyn Connect’, which is a specific combination of essential fatty acids, vitamins and other nutrients including omega-3 fatty acids, choline, uridine monophosphate, phospholipids, antioxidants and B vitamins.

Researchers discovered that those consuming the drink over two years showed less decline of cognitive and functional performance.

There was also a reduction in shrinking of the hippocampus, an area of the brain involved in memory.

In the study, researchers looked at 311 people with mild cognitive impairment due to Alzheimer’s.

"Today's results, published in The Lancet Neurology, are extremely valuable as they bring us closer to understanding the impact of nutritional interventions on prodromal Alzheimer’s, which we are now better at diagnosing but unable to treat due to a lack of approved pharmaceutical options,” said Professor Hilkka Soininen, from the University of Eastern Finland.

“The LipiDiDiet study illustrates that this nutritional intervention can help to conserve brain tissue and also memory and patients' ability to perform everyday tasks – possibly the most troubling aspects of the disease.”

However, the Alzheimer’s Society point out that daily consumption of the drink did not improve memory and cognition as measured by a specific neuropsychological test battery.

Additionally, it had no effect on the number of people who progressed from mild cognitive impairment to dementia during the study.

“This study hints that a medical drink could slow the decline of thinking skills in people experiencing mild memory problems, who also have early signs of Alzheimer’s disease on a brain scan or a lumbar puncture test,” explained Dr Doug Brown, Director of Research at Alzheimer’s Society.

“This group of people don’t benefit from Alzheimer’s drugs, so this drink is one option to consider alongside regular exercise, avoiding smoking and eating a healthy, balanced diet to keep their memory sharp.

“This trial of Souvenaid did not meet the success criteria that would be needed for developing new drugs so we cannot be confident of the drink’s benefits. 

“Although there was less cognitive decline in people taking the daily drink over two years, the same number of people still went on to develop dementia as those who had a fake drink every day. 

“We certainly can’t conclude that the drink slows progression of Alzheimer’s disease.

"People who are worried about their memory should not rush out and buy this drink without first talking to their doctor to find out if it could be suitable for them. 

“There are many causes of memory decline, including normal ageing, so it’s important people are investigated for underlying Alzheimer's disease before taking this medical drink, or any kind of treatment."

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Coronary heart disease: Eight AVOIDABLE factors increasing your risk of DEADLY condition

Coronary heart disease is where a waxy substance called plaque builds up inside the coronary arteries, and prevents oxygen-rich blood getting to the heart.

According to Heart UK, it is the leading cause of death in the UK.

What’s more, it kills many below the age of 75 years, and is responsible for 23,000 premature deaths a year in the UK.

Some people are at an increased risk of heart disease due to inherited risk factors, like familial hypercholesterolaemia.

The condition, where sufferers naturally have higher cholesterol levels, affects just one in 250 people in the UK.

Many more people have a raised risk due to a number of - often avoidable - lifestyle factors.

According to the World Health Organization, these are the eight which account for as many as 61 per cent of all cardiovascular deaths:


In Britain more than a third of men and over a quarter of women regularly exceed the government’s recommendations for alcohol, say Heart UK.

It is suggested you consume no more than 14 units a week - the equivalent of six pints of average strength beer.


Smoking kills around half of all persistent smokers, according to Heart UK.

It stimulates the formation of fatty plaques leading to the narrowing of arteries and reduced blood flow, and it reduces levels of ‘good’ cholesterol in the blood.

High blood pressure

Heart UK note that of the one in three adults in England Scotland who have high blood pressure, half of them aren’t receiving any treatment.

Certain foods are thought to lower blood pressure, including blackcurrants.

High body mass index

Often shortened to BMI, it is measurement that takes into account height and weight.

Having a BMI of over 30 is considered overweight or obese.

High cholesterol

Cholesterol is a fatty substance found in your blood, according to the British Heart Foundation.

Too much can be caused by eating too much saturated fat and trans fat.

High blood glucose

Also known as hyperglycaemia, this is the defining characteristic of type 2 diabetes.

Risk factors for type 2 diabetes include being overweight and lack of physical activity.

Low fruit and vegetable intake 

In the UK, it is estimated that 70 per cent of adults fail to meet the average ‘five a day’ recommendations for fruit and vegetables.

According to Heart UK, adults aged 19 to 64 years consume an average of 4.2 portions, while those over 65 years consume an average of 4.2 portions. 

Physical inactivity

It is recommended that adults get 30 minutes of moderate intensity activity at least five times a week.

However, in 2008, just 39 per cent of men and 29 per cent of women met the recommended activity levels.

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How to live longer: THIS calculator tells you how many healthy YEARS you have left

How to live longer remains a growing area of science, with researchers studying the lifestyles of the world’s longest-survining populations.

So far we know eating the Mediterranean diet, consuming more magnesium, reducing stress and being active can help add years to your life.

Additionally, smoking and poor diet could significantly decrease life expectancy.

However, there is a tendency to focus on the total number of years left, rather than the number of ‘good quality’ years remaining a person has.

Researchers at the Goldenson Center for Actuarial Research at the University of Connecticut have created a free online calculator to estimate how many ‘healthy years’ you have left.

It is the first time a measurement tool has been created to work out a person’s ‘healthy life expectancy’.

The researchers define an ‘unhealthy’ state as a severe enough state of disablement that there is no recovery, so you remain unhealthy until death.

Since this will often be influenced by lifestyle factors - such as smoking and alcohol intake - the researchers hope it will encourage people to make positive choices within their control.

Having a higher level of income and education are also factors that could help extend your number of healthy years.

However, there are two factors that are out of people’s control - age and gender.

Healthy life expectancy decreases with age, while women have a longer healthy life expectancy compared to men.

The researchers note that healthy life expectancy is simply an ‘educated prediction’. 

Thanks to advancements in knowledge, the average life expectancy in the UK is now 81.6 years.

For men it is 79.1 years, while for women it is 82.8 years.

Earlier this year there were concerns that rising rates of life expectancy were dramatically slowing after more than a century of continuous progress.

An expert at University College London, Sir Michael Marmot, said he was “deeply concerned” by the findings.

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Lactose intolerance symptoms: Signs of dairy condition including diarrhoea

Lactose is the naturally-occurring sugar found in milk and other dairy products. It’s broken down by an enzyme, called lactase, in order to be properly digested.

But, some people don’t produce enough lactase - or any at all - so the sugar can’t be properly digested.

This is known as lactose intolerance, and can cause abdominal discomfort, and other gastrointestinal problems.

About five per cent of the UK suffer from the condition.

Food intolerance expert Dr Janet Aylott told Express.co.uk: “Lactose intolerance usually causes gastrointestinal discomfort including bloating, abdominal pain and cramping, excess wind, diarrhoea and in some cases vomiting.

“These tend to be persistent symptoms that occur following consumption of milk or dairy foods.

“Unfortunately because the symptoms are quite generic, it’s important to keep a record of any symptoms and the foods that have been eaten, to discuss with your GP.”

If it remains undiagnosed, lactose intolerance can lead to nutritional deficiencies, as patients avoid certain foods to avoid symptoms.

Patients with lactose intolerance must find ways to maintain a balanced, nutrient rich diet, Aylott said.

“For someone with lactose intolerance, where all lactose is causing an issue, choosing lactose-free alternatives is important,” she said.

“Lactose-free milk and dairy foods such as cheese and yogurts are available from most major supermarkets, and these tend to still contain the important nutrients, such as calcium, that are required.”

Maintaining a balanced, healthy diet was key to preventing the condition, as well as plenty of exercise, she added.

Lactose intolerance can develop at any age, but most cases develop between the the ages of 20 and 40.

In the UK, the condition is more common in people of Asian or African-Caribbean descent, according to the NHS.

Forty per cent of the UK experiences digestive discomfort at any one time, according to dairy products maker Rachel’s. 

The company launched a new lactose-free yogurt this autumn, for those suffering lactose intolerance, and those looking to cut the amount of lactose in their diet.

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Tooth decay: Number of kids under 10 needing treatment for rotten teeth SOARS

How to get rid of spots: Doing THIS could be making it worse, says Dr Renee

Diet doesn’t have any impact on acne, and stress doesn’t mean you’ll get spotty, GP Dr Renee Hoenderkamp revealed in a video added to her YouTube account.

The condition isn’t a sign of being ‘dirty’ either, she said.

Acne is a common skin condition that’s caused by either blocked hair follicles, an overproduction of the oily substance sebum, or a bacteria.

It’s comprised of six main types of spot, including blackheads, whiteheads, papules, cysts, nodules, and pustules.

“Let’s bust some myths about the causes of acne,” said Dr Renee in her latest video on her YouTube channel, Dr Renee.

“Firstly, there’s no evidence that diet causes acne, so if you want to have that chocolate bar, go ahead and have it.

“We know that it’s not because you’re dirty. Actually, being over-clean and cleaning too much could be detrimental for acne.

“It’s not infectious, and squeezing and picking spots doesn’t help. In fact it makes it worse, and it increases scarring. Stress doesn’t cause acne, either.”

Dr Renee recommended washing your face no more than twice a day to reduce acne symptoms.

Using lukewarm water was better than hot water, she said.

Exfoliating or scrubbing your face wasn’t a good idea, as you’re stripping your skin of essential oils, and could spread the bacteria.

Creams, gels and antibiotics could help to treat the condition, she said.

Acne is the most common skin condition in the UK, said Dr Renee.

Almost everybody suffers from acne at some point in their lifetime, but it mainly affects those in their teenage years, up until their early thirties.

Less than three per cent of men and 12 per cent of women keep their acne into adulthood.

The biggest complications of acne include scarring and depression.

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High blood pressure diet: Eating THIS cheap fruit could boost blood flow and heart health

High blood pressure - or hypertension - affects 31 per cent of men and 26 per cent of women in the UK, and there are seven million people who are undiagnosed.

Many hypertension patients also have poor blood flow - and the two are often interlinked when it comes to heart health.

According to the Mayo Clinic, half of people with untreated hypertension die of heart disease related to poor blood flow.

However, eating blackcurrants has been found to improve blood flow and heart health.

Research linked blackcurrants to decreased oxidative stress and and improved vascular health in individuals who normally had a low fruit and vegetable intake.

Studies by Health Currancy, a supplements brand which use New Zealand blackcurrants, found them to increase blood flow by up to 20 per cent.

It’s down to a compound in the fruit called anthocyanins, which give certain fruit and vegetables their purple colour.

Blackcurrants have three times the concentration of anthocyanins compared to other purple fruit and vegetables.

As well as helping heart health and blood flow, anthocyanins have been found to help reduce inflammation and improve brain  health too.

The research was conducted using a supplement, called CurranNZ, that contained 35 per cent anthocyanins.

Other health benefits of blackcurrants include supporting a healthy gut, by promoting the growth of ‘friendly’ bacteria.

Additionally, blackcurrant extract has been shown to have an anti-viral effect against four strains of the flu virus.

Earlier this year it was revealed that blood flow is as important as managing blood pressure and cholesterol for heart health.

As people get older, their blood can become stickier.

Maintaining a healthy blood flow can help reduce risk of heart attack.

As well as eating blackcurrants, healthy blood flow can be promoted by eating an overall healthy diet and exercising.

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Forget sex robots – soon cancerous TUMOURS could be spotted by AI

Robots could find colorectal tumours with an accuracy of 86 per cent, scientists have revealed.

They could find the cause harmfulness of the tumours in less that a second.

The robots would find any potential cancers regardless of the doctors skill, the Japanese researchers said.

This was the first study to demonstrate how artificial intelligence could be used to spot cancers, they added.

Lead researcher Dr Yuichi Mori said: “The most remarkable breakthrough with this system is that artificial intelligence enables real-time optical biopsy of colorectal polyps during colonoscopy, regardless of the endoscopists’ skill.”

The findings meant doctors wouldn’t have to spend time unnecessarily removing benign growths, he added.

“We believe these results are acceptable for clinical application and our immediate goal is to obtain regulatory approval for the diagnostic system,” said Mori.

The robot used a 500 times magnified view of colorectal polyps.

The polyps are small clumps of cells that develop on the lining of the colon.

Doctors were able to analyse 300 features of the polyps with the robots’ pictures.

Computers could then compare the features against more than 30,000 other polyp images, to try and find any abnormalities.

They tested the robots on 250 men and women with colorectal polyps.

More than 300 polyps were assessed as part of the study.

Dr Mori said: “This is thought to decrease the risk of colorectal cancer and, ultimately, cancer-related death.”

There were more than 40,000 cases of bowel cancer in the UK in 2014, according to Cancer Research UK.

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How to get rid of a cold: THIS 99p supplement could naturally cure your flu

Phyllanthus amarus herbs have been used to treat flu and colds, studies have claimed.

While traditionally used to treat hepatitis, diabetes and hypertension, the herb, could ease the symptoms of a cold, which include a runny nose and sore throat.

The herb grows up to 60cm high, and grows in tropical areas across the world.

Supplements can be bought online from 99p.

The herb is used as a diuretic, and can help to lower blood pressure, studies revealed.

It’s been used to treat medical conditions for about 2,000 years.

Tuberculosis, cystitis and urinary tract infections could benefit from taking Phyllanthus amarus supplements.

The herb is made up of lignin, alkaloids, bioflavonoids and repandusinic acid.

A common cold is a mild viral infection, that affects the nose, throat, sinuses and the upper airways, according to the NHS.

Symptoms include a cough, sneezing and a headache.

More severe symptoms of colds are achy muscles and a fever.

There’s no cure for colds, but there are ways to help ease the symptoms.

Other traditional remedies for treating colds include gargling salt water, and sucking on menthol sweets.

Raw juice therapy could also help to address colds. The best organic natural foods to juice are carrots, celery, spinach, oranges and grapefruit.

Chicken soup is the most traditional remedy for a cold.

But, the NHS recommends resting, drinking plenty of fluids and taking over-the-counter painkillers.

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Stay married to halt Alzheimer’s: close relationship ‘cuts risk of dementia by 60%’

Feeling stressed? These ten top tips will put a stop to it

Psoriasis treatment: SIX ways to RELIEVE your skin condition symptoms this winter

Psoriasis affects 1.8 million people in the UK, according to the Psoriasis Association.

Symptoms include skin that is red, raised and inflamed, and areas that are covered in silver-white scales.

Along with other skin conditions, sufferers can find symptoms are exacerbated during winter, according to the British Skin Foundation.

Fluctuating temperatures cause the  blood vessels in the skin to change rapidly, aggravating it, and wind, rain, central heating and soggy clothing can all irritate the skin.

Here are six ways to protect your skin and reduce the impact of symptoms this winter.


“Make sure you’re moisturising regularly and using an emollient that’s right for you – keeping skin moist is imperative to avoid it getting cracked and infected,” said Dr Bav Shergill, consultant dermatologist and British Skin Foundation trustee.

“Apply a moisturiser to skin straight after a bath or shower while the skin is still slightly damp. 

“Drying your skin vigorously with a towel can damage it, so pat dry and don’t rub.“

Beware certain clothing

“Be careful with the kinds of clothes you wear,“ advised Shergill.

“Some materials, for example, lamb’s wool, may irritate skin and cause flare-ups.”

Be careful with cleaning products

“Avoid harsh, alcohol-based cleansers and soaps,” warned Shergill.

“Stay away from cleaning products that contain alcohol and go easy on the exfoliation.”

Cover up

“Protect skin with warm clothing - such as a scarf, hat and gloves - whilst outside,” suggested Shergill.

“If the rain makes your clothes damp, ensure that you change into something dry as soon as possible and don’t leave wet clothes in contact with your skin which may cause further irritation or chaffing.”

Limit central heating

“Whilst it’s natural to want to stay warm indoors, even the central heating can affect our skin,” said Shergill.

“The drier air in centrally heated buildings means the skin can dry out, so try not to turn the thermostat up to maximum.”

Have a bath sparingly

“Avoid the temptation to have a long hot bath, as this can strip away much needed natural oil from the skin,” explained Shergill.

“Try and shorten the length of time and remember to keep the water temperature warm not hot.”

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Baby's life saved by a glint in her eye

Felicity Salisbury was born with the eye cancer retinoblastoma but it was only picked up when a family friend said she thought the “cat’s eye” glint needed checking out.

Tests showed that Felicity had three tumours in each eye.

Her mother, Charlotte Salisbury, 32, who lives in Lancaster, said “the sun gave Felicity the appearance of a cat’s eye. I never thought anything of it”.

But in August, when Felicity was nine months, friend Laura Power, 33, came to visit and Charlotte told her what she had seen.

“Laura is a midwife,” said Charlotte.

“She told me to get it checked out immediately.”

Now little Felicity is responding well to chemotherapy with doctors saying the sight in her right eye is saved, while her damaged left eye is now recovering.

Charlotte added: “Her prognosis is good… I’m just so relieved it was caught – and I have my best friend to thank for that. She saved Felicity’s life.” 

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Muscle gain diet: These are THREE reasons you SHOULD eat breakfast every day

Muscle loss can be particularly worrying for people as they get older, placing them at increased risk of hip fractures and other bone injuries.

Eating a nutritious breakfast can help, but many Britons aren’t optimising their first meal of the day, according to new research.

A Meridian Foods’ survey discovered that half spend fewer than ten minutes on breakfast, while one in ten don’t eat it at all.

“Skipping breakfast or choosing a less than optimal breakfast to fill rather than nourish increases the risk of nutritional deficiencies impacting both wellbeing and performance,” said Helen Money, nutritionist at Meridian.

“A nourishing breakfast does not have to be time consuming, just stirring nut butter into porridge increases B vitamins, iron, magnesium and zinc all of which are needed for energy creation.”

In order to ward off muscle loss, protein should be the key ingredient in your breakfast, according to James Haskell, international rugby player and Meridian sporting ambassador.

He said: “Protein is essential for repairing and rebuilding muscle broken down when exercising. 

“I personally include nut butters as part of my breakfast routine as they’re a rich source of natural protein which helps stimulate muscle growth and helps my body recover.”

Protein can also be found in eggs, fish, yoghurt and chicken.

Here are three other reasons why you should eat a good breakfast on a daily basis.


Research has found people who skip breakfast have higher glucose concentrations and markers of inflammation and insulin resistance after lunch.

According to the study by the University of Hohenheim in Germany, it causes chronic inflammation, which is known to affect insulin sensitivity, and could raise the risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes.

Heart disease

People who eat breakfast tend to have lower rates of heart disease, high blood pressure and high cholesterol, according to the American Heart Association.

Weight loss

As well as helping build muscle, a breakfast high in protein can help promote weight loss.

A study by Tel Aviv University discovered that it could keep people satisfied throughout the day and prevent spikes in blood sugar.

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Best supplements: Take THESE with antibiotics to AVOID diarrhoea and thrush

This week antibiotics hit the headlines after it was revealed that people unnecessarily taking antibiotics could within 30 years kill more than cancer and diabetes combined.

People taking them for coughs, earache and sore throats, that could get better on their own, is being blamed for growing antibiotic resistance.

However, for people suffering from conditions like meningitis, pneumonia and sepsis, taking antibiotics is still very important - and is even life-saving.

They work by destroying the body’s bad bacteria, but this can mean some of the good bacteria is destroyed too.

This can cause unpleasant side-effects such as diarrhoea and thrush.

It is estimated that these antibiotic-associated issues can put people off taking them, and it is estimated one in five people stopped their course prematurely.

Finishing a course of antibiotics is crucial because if bad bacteria is not completely eliminated it has the chance to become immune to the antibiotic, leading to antibiotic resistance.

However, research has shown that taking probiotics whilst on antibiotics can help reduce these unpleasant side-effects, and mean finishing a course is more achievable.

Certain strains of bacteria - L rhamnosus-I I and L acidophilus Rosell-52 - are able to survive antibiotics and reach the gut alive.

A recent survey, coordinated by OptiBac Probiotics, found that 46 per cent of people had taken antibiotics in the last 24 months.

They also discovered that 70 per cent of them were not taking any probiotics during or following their course.

As well as helping reduce unpleasant side-effects, probiotics have been found to help boost the immune system.

This is because 70 to 80 per cent of the immune system is based in the gut.

The gut microflora is known to interact with support immune tissue.

Additionally probiotics help with digestive issues, and can be particularly helpful for those with irritable bowel syndrome.

As well as supplements, probiotics can be found in fermented foods such as kimchi and sauerkraut.

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Best supplements: THESE are the FOUR nutrients you need for FAST hair growth

Supplements are known for helping ward off dementia, high colds, and boost energy, but they can also help your hair health.

A lack of certain nutrients can cause hair to become grey prematurely or mean it doesn’t grow as quickly as it could.

The average person loses 50 to 100 strands of hair a day, according to the American Academy of Dermatology, so it is important to keep it nourished.

“Hair is the fastest growing natural tissue in the human body: the average rate of growth is 0.5cm – 1.7cm per month depending on ethnicity,” state The Trichological Society.

“Optimal growth occurs from age 15 to 30 and reduces from age 40 to 50.

“The speed of hair growth is based upon genetics, gender, age, hormones. 

“It may be reduced by nutrient deficiency.”

These are the key nutrients you need for strong, fast-growing locks.


The nutrient is known for helping prevent dementia and Cheryl revealed she takes it for her skin, but it can assist with healthy locks too.

“Fatty acids will moisturise your hair from the inside out,” said Tom Oliver, a nutritionist and founder of Tom Oliver Nutrition (tomolivernutrition.com).

You can also get your intake from oily fish, such as salmon, and avocado.

Vitamin C

This vitamin prevents weak hair thanks to its immunity-boosting properties.

You can find the nutrient in brightly coloured foods like berries and oranges.

“The vitamin C in these foods help with collagen production and also helps to boost immunity - poor immune function leads to hair loss and reduces its strength and condition,” explained Rick Hay, registered nutritionist and nutritional director for Healthista.

Oliver added that the vitamin works by strengthening the capillaries that supply the hair shafts.

“Try and eat blueberries and blackcurrants as they have the highest levels of Vitamin C,” he said.

“If not, try Evermore Glow supplements (evermorehealth.com) which are naturally high in vitamin C.”


Also known as vitamin B7, the nutrient can help stop hair falling out.

Hay said: “B vitamins are good as they help the body to cope with high stress levels - if stress is moderated then hair condition and growth is improved.

It can be naturally found in oats - which also have hair-loving iron - and vegetables such as broccoli and cabbage.

Vitamin A 

The nutrient helps care for the scalp, which is essential to healthy hair growth because it is where the ‘roots’ of the hair follicle sit.

It is estimated that around 25 per cent of hair loss is due to scalp issues.

Oliver said: “Vitamin A is essential for our body to naturally make sebum which is an oily substance created by our hairs sebaceous glands and provides natural conditioner for a healthy scalp.”

You can also consume the vitamin by eating foods such as carrots, sweet potato and kale.

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Clocks go back tonight: Changes increase RISK of heart attack and weight gain

Humans need a few days to realign themselves to the new clock cycle,  according to a psychological doctor.

Swapping from British Summer Time to Greenwich Mean Time, and vice versa, impacts the body’s circadian rhythm - our ‘body clock’.

It’s been linked to a rise in heart attacks when we get one less hour of sleep, as we’re being active when we should be asleep.

Changing our circadian rhythm also impacts our ability to think clearly, solve problems, and even affects our happiness, the doctor added.

“Going to bed at the same time is a good thing, but when the clocks go back, we end up sleeping at different times,” said Dr Mark Winwood, Director of Psychological Services for AXA PPP Healthcare.

He told Express.co.uk: “We’re becoming increasingly aware that we’re sleep deprived; we’re the only animals that restrict our sleep.

“But, those box sets are so compelling - it’s so easy to just think ‘well, one more episode won’t hurt’”.

We get less daylight during the winter months, with some areas of the UK not even managing six hours of sunlight on some December days.

Less access to sunlight can impact our mental health, and mean we’re persistently feeling low, irritable and lethargic. The condition - Seasonal Affective Disorder, or SAD - is sometimes known as winter depression, according to the NHS.

“We aren’t supposed to be awake at nighttime, and we know there are really bad health implications for night shift workers, for example,” said Winwood.

“The death rate goes up, and some of them have weight troubles, too.”

But, in the short term at least, we’ll be waking up to brighter mornings after the clocks go back.

The sun will rise at 6.48am in London on Sunday morning - the earliest since September 23.

“Waking up to more daylight makes us feel less tired,” Winwood added.

“Daylight helps us to get rid of melatonin, a hormone that makes us feel sleepy. That means we should feel more energetic in the mornings, and less tired when the alarm clock goes off on Monday morning.”

For those suffering from insomnia, or difficulty sleeping, Winwood and AXA PPP healthcare created a ‘mixtape’, designed to help you drift off.

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Back pain symptoms: THESE are signs of a SERIOUS condition

If you suffer from back pain, and also have numbness or tingling around your genitals or buttocks, you should contact your GP immediately, according to the NHS.

You should also seek medical attention if you lose bladder or bowel control, experience chest pain, have a particularly high fever, or if you find a swelling in your back.

Back pain can be caused by an injury, a slipped disc, or a sciatica - a nerve irritation.

It’s recommended to see your GP if the pain doesn’t start to improve after a few weeks, or if it gets worse over time.

“Most people worldwide will experience back pain during their lifetime,” said the Chartered Society of Physiotherapy.

“It can be disabling and worrying but it is very common and rarely dangerous.”

Only about two per cent of back pain patients receive any medical treatment, research has revealed.

If you aren’t sent for a scan by your GP or doctor, you should see it as a good sign, the society added.

Staying as active as possible will help to relieve the symptoms of backache.

Resting for long periods is likely to make the pain worse.

Walking, swimming, yoga and pilates may help to reduce some of the pain, the NHS said.

Hot and cold compression packs could relieve short-term pain. A bag of frozen peas would work, too.

The best way to prevent back pain from rearing its head is to avoid sitting for too long in the same position.

Adults are advised to do about 150 minutes of exercise a week, and recommended to take care when lifting heavy objects.

More than 30 million working days were lost through musculoskeletal problems last year, according to the Office for National Statistics.

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Eczema treatment breakthrough: There are TWO new CURES for itchy skin condition

Eczema is a common skin condition characterised by itchy, red and swollen skin.

It affects one in 12 adults and one in five children in the UK - but is commonly thought to just target the latter.

However, experts believe the number of adult sufferers are undiagnosed, and they could be missing out on improvements in treatment.

In a discussion at the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology’s (ACAAI) annual meeting, researchers said that many adults diagnosed with eczema first developed the condition in childhood and have carried it through life.

“Many adults don't seek out medical care, preferring to self-treat instead, either with home remedies or over-the-counter drugs,” said Luz Fonacier, an allergist and ACAAI board member.

“Often, they aren't aware they have eczema, and they also don't know treatments have changed a lot in the last few years. 

“There are new drugs and topical medications that can make a huge difference in their quality of life."

Indeed, two new medications have recently been approved for the condition.

One is crisaborole, an ointment that reduces itching, redness and swelling of the skin. 

It is the first anti-inflammatory medication to be approved for the treatment of mild to moderate eczema in more than 15 years.

Another, dupilumab, is a biologic therapy given by injection for patients 18 years or older with moderate to severe eczema who haven’t responded to, or can’t use, topical medications.

The new treatments are particularly important since, in addition to itching and discomfort, people with eczema can experience problems with sleep and emotional distress.

“The takeaway message is that there are effective medications available that help relieve eczema symptoms and now can also target the underlying cause," said Dr Mark Boguniewicz, an allergist and ACAAI board member.

“People with eczema have been frustrated by the limitations of existing treatments. 

“We're very excited by the new medications which were developed based on better understanding of atopic dermatitis. We expect additional therapies to be approved soon. 

“An allergist has the right training and expertise to diagnose your eczema, and to help you find relief with the right treatments."

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Diabetes WARNING: What is insulin overdose that may have killed actor Iain Rogerson?

Former Coronation Street actor Iain Rogerson, who played Henry Flagg in the ITV show, died from a suspected insulin overdose on October 13, according to reports.

Insulin is used to normalise blood sugar levels in diabetes patients.

Too much insulin causes an overdose, and leads to hypoglycaemia.

The condition’s symptoms include double vision, confusion and shakiness. In most extreme cases, it can causes patients to lose consciousness, and even die.

Having too little glucose in the bloodstream means the body can’t operate properly.

Every patient reacts differently to low levels of glucose.

Common symptoms of mild hypoglycaemia include shakiness, a rapid heartbeat, irritability and tingling in the lips or around the mouth.

Patients with low blood sugar levels should eat about 15g of a high-sugar food, including honey, raisins or chocolate.

The amount of insulin diabetics need varies from person to person.

It depends on the type of insulin taken and the body’s sensitivity o the hormone.

The strength of insulin also varies. The most common strength is the equivalent of 100 units of insulin per ml of fluid.

But, some people require a higher dosage, so it’s available up to 500 units of insulin per ml of fluid.

Overdosing on insulin isn’t difficult, according to Healthline.com.

You can overdose from the hormone if you forget to take an injection, and then take another before necessary.

Overdoses can also be caused by accidentally injecting too much, exercising vigioursly without changing the dosage of insulin taken, or even forgetting to eat.

If you realise you may have overdosed on insulin, you should seek medical attention immediately.

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Heart disease warning: THIS experience could increase your risk of DEADLY symptoms

Heart disease is the number one killer in the UK, and it is responsible for a death every eight minutes.

Symptoms include chest pain, heart palpitations and breathlessness, according to the NHS.

While smoking and high blood pressure are among the well-known risk factors, research has found that going through traumatic experiences could also increase your chances of suffering.

A study presented this month to The North American Menopause Society (NAMS) revealed that there is mounting evidence psychosocial factors - meaning both psychological and social aspects - can affect vascular health, and may one day lead to heart disease.

There has been little previous research into the impact of traumatic experiences on heart disease.

In this new study, scientists tested whether a greater number of traumatic experiences during their lifetime was related to poorer endothelial function.

The endothelium is the inner lining of the heart and blood vessels.

For the purposes of the study, traumatic experiences were defined as events such as sexual harassment, death of a child, being in a car accident, experiencing a natural disaster, or being beaten or mugged.

They found that women who reported a higher number of traumatic experiences - three or more - had poorer endothelial function.

Additionally, they discovered that risk was particularly heightened when women had gone through the menopause.

For the study, researchers looked at 272 peri and post-menopausal women who were all non-smokers.

During the menopause transition there is known to be an increasing risk of heart disease.

"These findings underscore the importance of psychosocial factors, such as trauma exposure, in the development of heart disease risk in midlife women," said Dr Rebecca Thurston, lead author of the study from the University of Pittsburgh.

Researchers suggested that physiological as well as physical risk factors should be taken into account.

"Given the large percentage of postmenopausal women affected by heart disease, this is an important study that should remind healthcare providers of the need to thoroughly discuss a woman's history beyond simply asking about her physical health," said Dr JoAnn Pinkerton, NAMS executive director.

According to Heart UK, the eight key heart disease risk factors identified by the World Health Organization are alcohol use, tobacco use, high blood pressure, high body mass index, high cholesterol, high blood glucose, low fruit and vegetable intake, and physical inactivity.

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Asthma and eczema symptoms: Getting a DOG could help conditions

Spending just one hour a day with a dog significantly reduced the risk of developing eczema in children, scientists have revealed.

Having a dog around the home could even help to protect against asthma, even in those allergic to dogs, according to a study.

Bacteria on the dogs could be causing the protective effect, it was predicted.

One in 10 adults and two in 10 children are affected by eczema in the UK, while one in 11 Brits have asthma.

Lead author of the research and allergist Gagandeep Cheema said: “Although eczema is commonly found in infants, many people don't know there is a progression from eczema to food allergies to nasal allergies and asthma.

“We wanted to know if there was a protective effect in having a dog that slowed down that progress.”

The scientists analysed how pregnant mothers were affected by having a dog in the house for at least one hour a day.

“We found a mother's exposure to dogs before the birth of a child is significantly associated with lower risk of eczema by age 2 years, but this protective effect goes down at age 10.”

A second study looked at how asthmatic children were affected by dogs.

Bacteria, and other elements that dogs carry, had a protective effect against asthma symptoms, they found - even in those with allergies.

But, asthmatic children that were allergic to dogs suffered more symptoms when exposed to the protein that causes the allergic reaction, the scientists warned.

“Dog allergen exposure remains a major concern for kids who are allergic to dogs,” added researcher Po-Yang Tsou.

People that are allergic to dogs, but keep one at home, should keep it out of the bedroom, and restrict it to only a few rooms, according to the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology.

Wash your hands with soap after petting your dog, and give your dog a bath at least once a week, it added.

Eczema symptoms includes very itchy skin and red, cracked or dry skin.

Asthma symptoms include shortness of breath, wheezing and feeling tight chested.

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Aussie flu: Exchanging bodily fluids and KISSING could give you DEADLY virus

Viruses are spread from person to person through the exchange of bodily fluids, according to a pharmacist.

A simple kiss could be enough to give you a cold or a sore throat, they added.

The pharmacist’s comments came after reports the Southern Hemisphere was battling a lot more flu viruses this year.

The influenza strains, including the deadly Aussie flu, could impact the UK, it was revealed.

Pharmacist, and menthol confectionery expert at Jakemans, Marvin Munzu told Express.co.uk: “As the darker nights draw in, we tend to spend our evenings tucked up at home with our loved ones, avoiding the cold in a bid to dodge winter bugs and illnesses.

“Although viruses thrive in cold weather, you have a higher chance of picking up seasonal viruses and bacteria indoors – especially if someone at home has a sore throat, cold or flu.

“Not only can viruses be spread by sneezing, they are usually contained in saliva and can spread from one person to another through exchange of bodily fluids such as kissing.”

The best way to protect yourself against flu was to not be intimate with your partner, if they aren’t feeling well, Munzu added.

“To avoid catching a sore throat this winter, it’s best to refrain from kissing your partner if he or she is under the weather – no matter how much you would love to kiss them better.

“Most sore throats are self-limiting, and do not require a doctor. So for effective sore throat relief, try sucking on some delicious Jakemans menthol confectionery.”

The Australian flu is a particularly contagious flu strain, experts warned.

Public Health England (PHE) advised the public to get the flu jab, which is available to at-risk patients for free, including the over-65s and those with a weakened immune system.

Ahead of any Aussie flu reaching the UK, PHE’s Medical Director, Paul Cosford, said: “The strains of flu circulating in Australia this past winter have led to a significant increase in cases, but it’s too early to know which will be the dominant strains of flu to circulate in England.

“Each year the World Health Organization reviews the circulating strains of flu and recommends which flu strains should go in the flu vaccine.

“It’s really important that as many eligible people as possible get their jab which is the best way to protect everyone from flu.”

The health watchdog also recommended that the public takes a 10mg vitamin D supplement everyday. It was revealed this week that vitamin D could be just as protected against flu as having the flu vaccine.

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Best supplements for skin: Cheryl reveals she takes THIS in addition to her diet

Cheryl Tweedy has this week revealed the secret to her glowing skin - and it’s a nutritional supplement.

The 34-year-old new mother - who recently returned to The X Factor - disclosed the one product she believed was key to skin health.

“Fish oil capsules, because if you’re eating right it will show in your skin,” she said in an interview with The Mirror.

They contain omega-3 fatty acids which can make a big difference to your complexion, according to experts.

“As well as being necessary for our heart, brain and eye health, omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids play an essential role in the structure and appearance of the skin,” said Cassandra Barns, a nutritionist.

“They are incorporated into cell membranes in the epidermis - the top layer of the skin - and form a matrix around the cells, helping to maintain the skin’s barrier function and prevent moisture loss.

They are also thought to have a role in the dermis - the lower layer of the skin- by controlling inflammation and minimising collagen damage from UV rays.”

She recommended taking a good quality supplement such as Super Omega 3-6-9 by Quest Nutra Pharma.

The nutrient is also said to help prevent dementia.

A study published in May showed that people with higher omega-3 levels had increased blood flow in the area of the brain associated with memory and learning.

According to the research published in the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, this could help prevent Alzheimer’s disease.

Omega-3 can also be found in walnuts, chia seeds and oily fish.

The NHS recommend people eat at least two portion of oily fish a week.

Good sources include salmon, mackerel, sardines and tuna.

However, taking a supplement, like Cheryl, can be a more convenient way to top up. 

According to then BDA, the Association of UK Dieticians, there there is no specific recommendation of a dose for omega-3 for the general population.

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Sleep warning: Not getting enough 'puts you at greater risk of heart disease and diabetes'

Health guidelines say people need between seven and nine hours every night.

But two thirds of adults admit they suffer from disrupted sleep and nearly a quarter get less than five hours per night.

Some 31 per cent of adults suffer from insomnia and 48 per cent say they do not get enough sleep, a study by Aviva revealed.

Dr Doug Wright, Medical Director at Aviva UK Health, said: “As well as suffering from general fatigue, people who regularly don’t get enough sleep are at higher risk of serious medical conditions such as obesity, heart disease and diabetes.

“Sleep deprivation can be very distressing and often has a negative effect on mental health.

“There are lots of methods available to help aid sleep, such as avoiding electronic devices close to bedtime, controlling light and noise levels and avoiding stimulants such as caffeine.

“Alcohol can also lead to disrupted sleep and a ‘night cap’ to aid sleep can actually have the opposite effect.”

Women, on average, get an hour’s less sleep than men with six hours per night and more than half of women (54 per cent) admit they do not get enough, compared to 41 per cent of men.

More than two thirds of adults say they suffer from disrupted sleep, including 74 per cent of women.

And 13 per cent admit to taking sleeping pills or drinking alcohol to aid sleep, Aviva said.

The survey of 2,235 adults revealed people living in Cardiff were most likely to suffer sleep deprivation with 37 per cent saying they had insomnia, followed by Sheffield on 36 per cent, then Glasgow and Newcastle at 35 per cent.

Dr Wright added: “More serious sleep disorders such as insomnia may be rooted in other issues, such as stress and mental health concerns, and would benefit from medical attention.

“Your local GP can advise on the most suitable course of treatment.

“The most important thing is to take persistent trouble sleeping seriously and not to suffer in silence.”

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Open heart surgeries in the AFTERNOON are more SUCCESSFUL, say experts

Experts have identified a link between the circadian clock - the internal body clock that controls when we sleep, eat and wake up - and damage after surgery.

Following open heart surgery, some patients developed damage impacting on the organ’s ability to pump blood, resulting in heart failure and a heightened risk of death.

Professor David Montaigne, of the University of Lille in France, said: “Currently, there are few other surgical options to reduce the risk of post-surgery heart damage, meaning new techniques to protect patients are needed.

“Our study found that post-surgery heart damage is more common among people who have heart surgery in the morning, compared to the afternoon. 

"Our findings suggest this is because part of the biological mechanism behind the damage is affected by a person’s circadian clock and the underlying genes that control it.

"As a result, moving heart surgery to the afternoon may help to reduce a person’s risk of heart damage after surgery.”

During year-long trials that ended in February 88 patients were randomly scheduled for heart valve replacement surgery in the morning or afternoon and monitored until they left hospital.

There were no deaths in either group and the average time in hospital was 12 days.

However, patients who had afternoon surgery had lower levels of heart tissue damage after surgery, compared to morning surgery patients. 

The latest study, published in The Lancet, chimes with previous research suggesting heart attacks that happen in the morning may be associated with a higher risk of the damage, compared to afternoon events.

Dr Mike Knapton, associate medical director of the British Heart Foundation, said: “Thousands of people now have open heart surgery in the UK.

"These procedures can take many hours and come with a number of risks.

"The time of day appears to be a significant factor in the outcome from surgery, with better outcomes if your surgery is in the afternoon.

"If this finding can be replicated in other hospitals this could be helpful to surgeons planning their operating list, for non-urgent heart surgery.”

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NHS hospital patients could stay in PRIVATE houses to free up hospital beds

A trial run has been proposed involving about 30 hospital patients waiting to be discharged being placed with local hosts who have a spare room or annex. 

If successful, the scheme could be rolled out across the country in a bid to free up much-needed hospital beds. 

The company behind the plan, CareRooms, is recruiting householders who could earn up to £50 a night putting up people recuperating from a hospital stay. 

They do not need any previous care experience. 

But the hosts, who will be paid up to £1,000 a month from NHS coffers, will have to be security checked before they are approved. 

The firm said it will transform spare rooms into “secure care spaces for patients who are waiting to be discharged”. 

But critics have attacked the idea, labelling it absurd and possibly dangerous. 

Former Labour minister Lord Clark of Windermere warned that “vulnerable patients” would be allocated into homes where the host had no “medical expertise”. 

He added: “Won’t the Government listen to the medical opinion and drop this preposterous scheme?” 

Spencer Gardner, of law firm Coffin Mew, said: “Offering beds in private residential homes raises a range of issues about safety, quality and even financial and emotional abuse, with some dubbing the scheme as social care on the cheap.” 

And an NHS England spokesman said: “While it’s good to hear innovative ideas, this suggestion is a long way from being implemented and would first need to be very carefully assessed and tested.” 

Homeowners would have to heat up three microwave meals a day for patients and supply drinks. 

They will be offered a helpline and training. 

The news comes amid a crisis in delayed discharges in hospitals. 

NHS figures show that 2.2 million hospital bed days in England were lost last year due to delayed transfers of care. 

The new trial is earmarked to take place in Essex, where NHS bodies and local authorities are in preliminary discussions over the project. 

The scheme would begin with 30 willing and eligible patients placed with hosts over a three-month period. 

Dr Harry Thirkettle, chief medical officer for CareRooms, said: “We are looking to find patients who are medically fit for discharge, who don’t have any cognitive impairments. 

“The reason they would come to us is because they either live alone and don’t have support or have mobility issues.” 

Last night, one Essex hospital linked to the trial scheme rejected the idea. 

Tom Abell, of Southend University Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, said: “There is no intention and there never has been for the hospital to support this pilot at this time." 

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Muscle gain diet: FOUR things YOU should know about eating protein for strength

Muscle loss is a particular concern for older people, but eating enough protein can help.

Protein is a macro-nutrient that is said to keep you feeling full, but it can also help maintain muscle to keep you strong.

Rich dietary sources include chicken, yoghurt and eggs.

However some people can struggle to consume enough, particularly if you are older, making you more at risk of muscle loss.

A study published in May in the journal Frontiers in Nutrition suggested that many elderly people were not getting enough protein for them to build muscle.

Here are four things to consider when thinking about getting enough protein. 

Eat protein between meals

“People tend to eat the most amount of protein towards the end of the day with their evening meal,” said Liam Mahoney, a nutritionist from Grenade (www.grenade.com).

“To achieve the best results, you should be evenly consuming your protein intake throughout the day. 

“The recommended daily allowance of protein is 45g for women and 55g for men, this is the minimum you should be consuming per day. 

“Ideally this should be split between breakfast, lunch, dinner and mid meal snacks. 

“Protein consumption helps regulate your hunger hormones and keeps you fuller for longer, so by eating protein regularly throughout the day - particularly with breakfast - it can help with unnecessary snacking, contributing to a successful weight management regime.”

Consume the right amount of protein

“The DRI (Dietary Reference Intake) is 0.8 grams of protein per kilogram of body weight, or 0.36 grams per pound,” explained Mahoney. 

“However, the amount of protein your body needs each day is dependent on other factors including age, activity levels and muscle mass. 

“As a starting point, calculate how much protein you should be eating daily, and also look at your carbohydrate and fat intake too to ensure you’re eating a balanced diet, and tailoring your meals and snacks to help you achieve your goals.”

Don’t just eat protein 

“Too much of a good thing can seem like a cliché, but all things must be consumed in balance,” warned Mahoney.

“Protein is one of three macronutrients within the daily diet, all vitality important for health and wellbeing. 

“This means that people who exclusively eat protein may be at risk of developing either acute or chronic health symptoms if they do not eat other food groups as part of their diet. 

“For example, a lack of carbohydrates can lead to fatigue, light-headedness and low blood sugar.”

Not all proteins are equal

“Where many people go wrong with protein is that they assume all sources are the same, when in actual fact there are so many different types, varying drastically in their quality and content of amino acids,” explained Mahoney.

“For example, the most commonly known sources of protein are found in meat and fish. 

“Meat offers a brilliant quality source of protein because it provides all nine essential amino acids, however many meats are also high in saturated fat, so it is a case of choosing the leanest options. 

“Fish on the other hand is high in protein and low in saturated fat but especially high is Omega oils. 

“You can also get good quality sources of protein from a plant based diet, lentils, quinoa and hemp seeds are all high in protein and suitable for those who do not eat meat, or fish.”

Additionally you can get it from good quality protein snacks, such as the Carb Killa range from Grenade. 

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