Arthritis symptoms - FIVE ways to prevent and reverse joint pain

Arthritis can affect anyone of any age - including children, according to the NHS.

Symptoms of arthritis include joint pain, inflammation, restricted movement, and having warm, red skin over affected joints.

If left untreated, the condition can become debilitating.

While there’s currently no cure for arthritis, symptoms could be reduced by raising awareness of healthy habits, said Aetna International’s Director of Population Health, Dr Sneh Khemka.

“Arthritis is a tricky condition – it is difficult to predict the onset and severity of disease,” Khemka told

“There are over 100 forms of arthritis; some are genetic, for example rheumatoid arthritis; whereas others are related to age [degenerative], such as osteoarthritis.

“By improving management of arthritis in the community, we can empower patients and give them some of their independence back.”

Engaging with exercise could help to reduce symptoms, said Khemka.

Participating in aerobic activities, such as swimming and hiking, helps to keep joints mobile and strengthens the muscles around the joints.

Certain foods could help to fight inflammation. Omega-3 fatty acids - found in oily fish and soybeans - can reduce swelling.

Cherries should be added to your diet, as well as citrus fruits, nuts, dairy products and garlic.

Also, losing weight could help to relieve some arthritis pain, Khemka said.

“Your spine, hip, knees and ankles support your bodyweight. By being overweight you put more pressure on these joints, and are more likely to suffer from osteoarthritis.”

Sitting in the same position for long periods of time could increase your risk of joint pain.

If you work in an office, or just enjoy sitting on the sofa watching the television, it’s a good idea to stand up every 30 minutes, to prevent your body from locking up.

It’s also important to prevent excess strain on your joints, said Khemka.

If you’re lifting heavy objects, carry them close to your body, which will lower the strain on wrists and smaller joints.

“It is crucial we identify those at risk and intervene early on,” said the doctor. “If you do develop symptoms, make sure you see your doctor immediately.

“Arthritis is progressive. The longer you leave it, the more damage is done to your joints. Your doctor will help recommend treatments and exercises to preserve your mobility. Early detection is key.”